Federal legislation sets the framework for adoption in the United States, and States pass laws to comply with Federal requirements and become eligible for Federal funding. Thus, adoption is primarily regulated by State laws, and these laws vary from State to State. This section provides resources on adoption law and legal issues, as well as links to Federal and State laws. While the following Federal- and State-level resources address a broad range of legal topics related to adoption, they are not intended to be a substitute for obtaining advice from an independent, legal counsel with expertise in adoption law.
American Bar Association
Describes the law’s role in adoption-related topics such as agency vs. private adoption, the need for an attorney, court approvals, the legal status of children who are adopted, and more.
Adoption Law: United States
Library of Congress (2020)
Reviews adoption in the United States and discusses laws that govern the adoption process including Federal Constitutional law, Federal statutory law, and State adoption law.
Presents information on adoption, including who may adopt, who may place a child for adoption, adoption laws, the adoption process, the costs of adoption, and other issues.