These resources provide helpful information when determining whether group or residential care would best meet the needs of a child or youth who cannot remain with his or her family. Important factors related to this decision include the needs of the child and the associated outcomes of various out-of-home care options.
Assessment of Needs in Residential Care: Perspectives of Youth and Professionals
Calheiros & Patrício (2014)
Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(8)
Congregate Care, Residential Treatment and Group Home State Legislative Enactments 2009–2013
National Conference of State Legislatures (2017)
Analyses congregate care for children needing short-term supervision and structure due to behavioral concerns.
Out-of-Home Placement for Children and Adolescents With Disabilities (PDF - 741 KB)
Friedman & Kalichman (2014)
American Academy of Pediatrics
Explains the reasons families choose out-of-home placement for their children, barriers to placement, and possible effects of this choice.
Out-of-State Placement (OSP) Committee
New York State Council on Children and Families
Provides resources and information about New York's efforts to improve the monitoring of out-of-State residential placements, promote coordination across all levels of government, and establish a process for identifying and considering in-State resources prior to making an out-of-State placement.
The Moderating Effect Between Strengths and Placement on Children’s Needs in Out-of-Home Care: A Follow-up Study
Sim, Li, & Chu (2016)
Children and Youth Services Review, 60
Compares the effect of placement in residential care and foster care situations in children based on their resiliency and strength levels. Initial differences in baseline resiliency and strength are mediated in residential care settings and persist for longer periods in foster care placements.
Redefining Residential: Strategic Interventions to Advance Youth Permanency (PDF - 150 KB)
Association of Children's Residential Centers (2015)
Outlines ways in which residential care settings can contribute to a child’s desire and ability to achieve permanence within the context of out-of-home care.
Risk, Resilience and Identity Construction in the Life Narratives of Young People Leaving Residential Care
Schofield & Larsson & Ward (2017)
Child and Family Social Work, 22(2)
Supporting families: Outcomes of Placement in Voluntary Out-of-Home Care for Children and Young People with Disabilities and Their Families
Crettenden, Wright, & Beilby (2014)
Child and Youth Services
Reports on the impacts of voluntary out-of-home placement on young people with disabilities as well as consequences for their families.
The Subjective Well-being of Adolescents in Residential Care Compared to That of the General Population
Llosada-Gistau & Montserrat & Casas (2015)
Children and Youth Services Review, 52(May 2015)