Adoption is a social, emotional, and legal process through which children who will not be raised by their birth parents become full, permanent, and legal members of another family. As such, adoption involves the rights of three distinct "triad members": the birth parents, the child, and the adoptive parents. Adoption is also a lifelong process. Ethical issues change over time as children who were adopted become adults and may choose to claim their right to know their genetic and historical identity. It is imperative that professionals working in adoption act ethically to ensure the rights of all the involved parties at all points in the process. In this section, find resources to help guide the professional's ethical practice in all phases of adoption.
|Series Title||State Statutes|
Child Welfare Information Gateway
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|Series Title||Bulletins for Professionals|
Child Welfare Information Gateway (U.S.)
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Responding to Rehoming: Protecting Children & Strengthening Adoptive Families (PDF - 515 KB)
Child Welfare League of America, Center for Adoption Support and Education, Congressional Coalition on Adoption Institute, Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption, Donaldson Adoption Institute, North American Council on Adoptable Children, & Voice for Adoption (2015)
Recommends greater protection for adopted children nationwide and increased investments in support services after adoption.
State Adoption Legislation
American Adoption Congress (2020)
Presents adult adoptees' original birth certificate access by State.
The Truth About Intercountry Adoption’s Decline
Jacobs & Flatley (2019)
The Chronicle of Social Change
Outlines reasons international adoptions to the United States and all other receiving countries have declined.