Use of Advertising and Facilitators in Adoptive Placements - Indiana
Use of Advertisement
Citation: Ann. Code § 35-46-1-21
The term 'advertisement' means any communication by any medium within the borders of Indiana, including print advertisements, digital advertisements, radio, television, and outdoor advertising signs.
Only a person that is an attorney licensed to practice law in Indiana or a licensed child-placing agency may place an advertisement for either of the following purposes:
- A child is offered or wanted for adoption.
- The person is able to place, locate, or receive a child for adoption.
A person who knowingly or intentionally violates this section commits unauthorized adoption advertising, a level 6 felony.
This section may not be enforced against any of the following:
- A Federal agency
- The Indiana Department of Child Services
- An Indiana resident seeking to adopt a child on his or her own behalf
Use of Intermediaries/Facilitators
Citation: Ann. Code § 35-46-1-22
A person who knowingly or intentionally provides, engages in, or facilitates adoption services to a birth parent or prospective adoptive parent who resides in Indiana commits unauthorized adoption facilitation, a misdemeanor.
'Adoption services' means at least one of the following services that is provided for compensation, either directly or indirectly:
- Arranging for the placement of a child
- Identifying a child for adoption
- Matching adoptive parents with birth parents
- Arranging or facilitating an adoption
- Taking or acknowledging consents or surrenders for termination of parental rights for adoption purposes
- Performing background studies on the adoptive child or adoptive parents
- Making determinations about the best interests of a child and the appropriateness in placing the child for adoption
- Postplacement monitoring of a child before the adoption is finalized
The term 'adoption services' does not include the following:
- Legal services provided by an Indiana-licensed attorney
- Adoption-related services provided by a government entity or by a person appointed to perform an investigation by the court
- General education and training on adoption issues
- Postadoption services, including supportive services to families to promote the well-being of members of adoptive families or birth families
This section does not apply to the following:
- The Department of Child Services, an agency or person authorized to act on behalf of the department, or a similar agency in another State
- The Division of Family Resources, an agency or person authorized to act on behalf of the division, or a similar agency in another State
- A child-placing agency licensed under the laws of Indiana or another State
- An attorney licensed to practice law in Indiana or another State
- A birth parent or prospective adoptive parent acting on his or her own behalf