The Indian Child Welfare Act: A Primer for Child Welfare Professionals

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The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) of 1978 is one of the key components to protecting the rights and culture of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children and families. Unfortunately, not all child welfare caseworkers are aware of how to apply ICWA or the troubling history that prompted the law to be enacted. This factsheet provides caseworkers with an overview of current and historical issues affecting child welfare practice with AI/AN families, practice implications, and cultural considerations. 

Suggested Citation: Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2021). The Indian Child Welfare Act: A primer for child welfare professionals. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children's Bureau. 

This material may be freely reproduced and distributed. However, when doing so, please credit Child Welfare Information Gateway.

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