Resources and information about legal issues for youth who are involved with both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems, including State and local examples.
Crossover Youth and Trauma-Informed Practice [Webinar]
The National Center for Child Traumatic Stress and the Center for Juvenile Justice Reform
Presents a three-part webinar series on crossover youth, who are known to and move between the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. The webinar series touches on findings from crossover youth and how traumatic stress plays a role in their trajectory and implications for policy and practice.
Dual-Status Youth and Federal Initiatives: A Snapshot
National Juvenile Justice Network (2016)
Defines dual-status youth, the challenges they face, and how clearer pathways out of the system must be created so that youth who enter can move on and thrive in their communities. The website outlines Federal initiatives focused on dual-status youth, Federal legislation, links to additional information, and more.
The Effectiveness of Service Integration: Studying the Crossover Youth Practice Model (PDF - 620 KB)
Huang & Rhoden (2017)
Florida Institute of Child Welfare
Explains a study that evaluated the Crossover Youth Practice Model (CYPM) for serving crossover youth to understand and compare the procedures for processing crossover youth in two counties. Results showed that crossover youth associated with the CYPM are associated with a lower risk of re-offending compared with their peers not served by the CYPM.
From Conversation to Collaboration: How Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Agencies Can Work Together to Improve Outcomes for Dual Status Youth
National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice (2014)
Highlights strategies that youth-serving systems can apply to develop a more integrated approach to serving dual-status youth. The white paper looks at examples where system integration and coordination led to profound transformations and better outcomes for youth and communities.
Health Coverage and Care for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: The Role of Medicaid and CHIP
Acoca, Stephens, & Van Vleet (2014)
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
Outlines the health and mental health needs of children in the juvenile justice system and the role of Medicaid in addressing those needs. The brief focuses on the circumstances of the youth placed in juvenile justice residential facilities, Medicaid coverage for those youth, and the options for improving coverage.
Improving Multisystem Collaboration for Crossover Youth (PDF - 100 KB)
Explores outcomes for youth who interact with both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems and provides evidence in support of an improved policy approach that focuses on system collaboration. The paper argues that policymakers and practitioners should use research to alter the negative outcomes for these vulnerable youth.
Systems Integration: Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice (PDF - 483 KB)
National Center for Juvenile Justice
Describes efforts to improve services in cases involving dual-status youth and efforts toward collaboration and system reform. The report provides an overview of how dual-status youth issues are coordinated at the State level, how child welfare systems and juvenile justice systems are organized, how system integration operates, and more.
Understanding Foster, Juvenile Justice, and Crossover Youth
American Youth Policy Forum (2017)
Highlights national, state, and local research and data on young people involved in the child welfare and/or juvenile justice systems and provides graphical snapshots on the education and workforce outcomes of this population and the challenges they face.
When Systems Collaborate: How Three Jurisdictions Improved Their Handling of Dual-Status Cases
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (2015)
Provides case studies of three jurisdictions that coordinate information and services for children and youth involved in both the juvenile justice and child welfare systems.
Effects of Foster Care and Juvenile Justice Involvement on Early Adult Outcomes: A Study of Cleveland's Youth (PDF - 878 KB)
Coulton, Crampton, Cho, & Kim (2015)
Examines Cleveland's youth and how involvement in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems negatively affect their success. Findings showed that system-involved youth were at an elevated risk compared with their noninvolved peers for poor high school performance and attendance, unemployment, homelessness, and incarceration in local jail.
Report of the Subcommittee on Dual-Status Youth: Addressing the Needs of Some of the Commonwealth's Most Vulnerable Citizens (PDF - 1,485 KB)
Massachusetts Subcommittee on Dual-Status Youth (2017)
Describes the experiences of dual-status youth in Massachusetts and outlines the continuum of services that supports them. The report recommends ways to better support these youth and how to make improvements in the State.
We Can Do Better: Sharing Responsibility to Better Meet the Needs of Dual-Status Youth (PDF - 824 KB)
Wisconsin Council on Children and Families (2014)
Explores dual-status youth in Wisconsin and the system reforms needed to better serve this population. Resources and examples provided throughout are intended to further explore issues, begin conversations, and spur interest in systems collaboration.