Who May Adopt, Be Adopted, or Place a Child for Adoption - South Carolina
Who May Adopt
Citation: Ann. Code §§ 63-9-60; 63-9-1110
Any South Carolina resident may petition the court to adopt a child.
Any nonresident of South Carolina may petition the court to adopt a child only in the following circumstances:
- The child is a special needs child, as defined by § 63-9-30.
- The child is to be placed for adoption with a relative related biologically or by marriage.
- At least one of the adoptive parents is in the military service stationed in South Carolina.
- There are unusual or exceptional circumstances such that the best interests of the child would be served by placement with or adoption by nonresidents of this State.
- The child has been in foster care for at least 6 months after having been legally freed for adoption, and no South Carolina resident has been identified as a prospective adoptive home.
- All persons required to give consent to the adoption pursuant to § 63-9-310 have specifically consented to the adoption by the nonresident.
- The Department of Social Services or any agency under contract with the department has placed the child with the nonresident for purposes of adoption.
A person who files a petition pursuant to this section shall not use public notoriety concerning a child or child's family to support his or her petition to adopt the child.
Any person may adopt his or her spouse's child, and any person may adopt a child to whom he or she is related by blood or marriage.
Who May Be Adopted
Citation: Ann. Code § 63-9-50
Any child present within the State at the time the petition is filed may be adopted, irrespective of place of birth or place of residence.
Who May Place a Child for Adoption
Citation: Ann. Code § 63-9-30
A child may be placed by any of the following:
- A parent
- The Department of Social Services
- A child-placing agency
- Any person or entity that holds legal or physical custody of a child for the purpose of placement for adoption, or a person or entity that facilitates the placement of children for the purpose of adoption, with the exception of an attorney