Definitions of Human Trafficking - Arizona

Date:

Defined in Child Protection Law

Citation: Rev. Stat. § 8-201

The term 'abuse' includes the following:

  • Commercial sexual exploitation of a minor
  • Sexual exploitation of a minor
  • Child sex trafficking

'Serious physical injury' means an injury that is diagnosed by a medical doctor and that is the result of sexual abuse, sexual conduct with a minor, sexual assault, molestation of a child, child sex trafficking, commercial sexual exploitation of a minor, sexual exploitation, or incest.

Definitions of Labor Trafficking

Citation: Rev. Stat. §§ 13-1306; 13-1308

It is unlawful for a person to knowingly obtain the labor or services of another person by doing any of the following:

  • Causing or threatening to cause bodily injury to that person or another person
  • Restraining or threatening to restrain that person or another person without lawful authority and against that person's will
  • Withholding that person's governmental records, identifying information, or other personal property

It is unlawful for a person to do any of the following:

  • Knowingly traffic another person with the intent to or knowledge that the other person will be subject to forced labor or services
  • Knowingly benefit, financially or by receiving anything of value, from participation in a venture that has engaged in an act in violation of §§ 13-1306, 13-1307, 13-3212, or this section

The term 'forced labor or services' means the following:

  • Labor or services that are performed or provided by another person and that are obtained through a person's actions, such as the following:
    • Causing or threatening to cause serious physical injury to any person
    • Restraining or threatening to physically restrain another person
    • Knowingly destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating, possessing, or withholding another person's actual or purported passport or other immigration document, government-issued identification document, government record, or personal property
    • Abusing or threatening to abuse the law or the legal system
    • Extortion
    • Causing or threatening to cause financial harm to any person
    • Facilitating or controlling another person's access to a controlled substance
  • Does not include ordinary household chores and reasonable disciplinary measures between a parent or legal guardian and the parent's or legal guardian's child

The term 'traffic' means to entice, recruit, harbor, provide, transport, or otherwise obtain another person by deception, coercion, or force.

Definitions of Sex Trafficking of Minors

Citation: Rev. Stat. § 13-3212

A person commits child sex trafficking by knowingly doing any of the following:

  • Causing any minor to engage in prostitution
  • Using any minor for the purposes of prostitution
  • Permitting a minor who is under the person's custody or control to engage in prostitution
  • Receiving any benefit for or on account of procuring or placing a minor in any place or in the charge or custody of any person for the purpose of prostitution
  • Receiving any benefit pursuant to an agreement to participate in the proceeds of prostitution of a minor
  • Financing, managing, supervising, controlling or owning, either alone or in association with others, prostitution activity involving a minor
  • Transporting or financing the transportation of any minor with the intent that the minor engage in prostitution
  • Providing a means by which a minor engages in prostitution
  • Enticing, recruiting, harboring, providing, transporting, making available to another, or otherwise obtaining a minor with the intent to cause the minor to engage in prostitution or any sexually explicit performance
  • Enticing, recruiting, harboring, providing, transporting, making available to another, or otherwise obtaining a minor with the knowledge that the minor will engage in prostitution or any sexually explicit performance

A person who is at least age 18 commits child sex trafficking by knowingly doing any of the following:

  • Engaging in prostitution with a minor who is younger than age 15
  • Engaging in prostitution with a minor who the person knows or should have known is age 15, 16, or 17
  • Engaging in prostitution with a minor who is age 15, 16, or 17

It is not a defense to a prosecution under this section that the other person is a peace officer posing as a minor or a person assisting a peace officer posing as a minor.