Definitions of Human Trafficking - Alaska

Date:

Defined in Child Protection Law

Citation: Alaska Stat. § 47.17.290

The term 'child abuse or neglect' includes sexual abuse or sexual exploitation. The term 'sexual exploitation' includes the following conduct by a person responsible for the child's welfare:

  • Allowing, permitting, or encouraging a child to engage in prostitution, as prohibited by §§ 11.66.100 through 11.66.150
  • Allowing, permitting, or encouraging a child to engage in actual or simulated activities of a sexual nature that are prohibited by criminal statute

Definitions of Labor Trafficking

Citation: Alaska Stat. §§ 11.41.360; 11.81.900

A person commits the crime of human trafficking in the first degree if the person compels or induces another person to engage in sexual conduct, adult entertainment, or labor in the State by force, threat of force against any person, or by deception.

The term 'deception' means to knowingly do the following:

  • Create or confirm another's false impression that the defendant does not believe to be true, including false impressions as to law or value and false impressions as to intention or other state of mind
  • Fail to correct another's false impression that the defendant previously has created or confirmed
  • Prevent another from acquiring information pertinent to the disposition of the property or service involved
  • Sell or otherwise transfer or encumber property and fail to disclose a lien, adverse claim, or other legal impediment to the enjoyment of the property, whether or not that impediment is a matter of official record
  • Promise performance of an action that the defendant does not intend to perform or knows will not be performed

Definitions of Sex Trafficking of Minors

Citation: Alaska Stat. § 11.66.110

A person commits the crime of sex trafficking in the first degree if the person does any of the following:

  • Induces or causes a person to engage in prostitution through the use of force
  • As other than a patron of a prostitute, induces or causes a person younger than age 20 to engage in prostitution
  • Induces or causes a person in that person's legal custody to engage in prostitution

In a prosecution, it is not a defense that the defendant reasonably believed that the person induced or caused to engage in prostitution was age 20 or older.