Families affected by substance use disorders who are also involved with the child welfare system face unique challenges when working toward meeting their permanency goals, including accessing treatment and demonstrating progress toward recovery within the time limits set by the Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA). The following resources discuss the challenges faced by these families and offer suggestions for improving services to promote permanency for children.
Bridging the Gap: Permanency Planning With Drug Affected Families (PDF - 168 KB)
Highlights findings and recommendations from a workgroup to identify methods to ensure that families affected by drug use receive adequate services to promote permanency for children.
Drug-Exposed Infant Project: Final Program Report
Leake and Watts Services (2002)
Describes the results of a drug-exposed infant demonstration project in the State of New York with the primary goal of achieving permanency for these infants and young children at risk of abandonment.
Effective Management of Parental Substance Abuse in Dependency Cases (PDF - 212 KB)
Milliken & Rippel
The Journal of the Center for Families, Children & the Courts, 5, 2004
Presents the San Diego County Dependency Court Recovery Project as a model program for effective case management and treatment for substance-abusing parents of children who enter the dependency system.
Facilitating Visitation for Infants With Prenatal Substance Exposure
Burry & Wright
Child Welfare, 85(6), 2006
Describes productive use of visitation for permanency planning for infants with prenatal drug exposure, along with strategies for focusing visits on issues and needs relevant to the population.
Is the Adoption and Safe Families Act Influencing Child Welfare Outcomes for Families With Substance Abuse Issues?
Rockhill, Green, & Rurrer
Child Maltreatment, 12(1), 2007
Compares pre- and post-ASFA outcomes for children of more than 1,900 women affected by substance abuse who are involved with treatment.
Permanency Planning and Social Service Systems: A Comparison of Two Families With Prenatally Substance Exposed Infants
Twomey, Soave, Gil, & Lester
Infant Mental Health Journal, 26(3), 2005
Describes the Vulnerable Infants Program in the State of Rhode Island, which facilitates permanency planning for infants exposed to substance abuse by focusing on the interface of social service systems with one another and with the families affected by prenatal substance use.
Promoting Permanency: Family Group Conferencing at the Manhattan Family Treatment Court (PDF - 127 KB)
Journal of the Center for Families, Children and the Courts, 4, 2003
Describes the court's use of family group conferencing to engage family members in developing solutions to support two primary goals: speedy permanency and parental sobriety.
Self-Reported Abuse History as a Risk Factor in Permanency Planning (PDF - 3680 KB)
Reich & Hudis
The Source: Newsletter of the National Abandoned Infants Assistance Resource Center, 16(1), 2007
Examines the relationship between permanency planning, legal, and psychosocial counseling service engagement, and self-reported history of abuse among HIV-positive and/or substance abusing mothers of minor children participating in a community program.
Understanding Patterns of Substance Abuse Treatment for Women Involved With Child Welfare: The Influence of the Adoption and Safe Families Act
Green, Rockhill, & Furrer
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 32(2), 2006
Explores the possible influence of ASFA on parents' motivation to enter and complete treatment, finding that parents entered treatment more quickly but showed no difference in treatment completion rates.
What Helps and What Doesn't: Providers Talk About Meeting the Needs of Families With Substance Abuse Problems Under ASFA (PDF - 171 KB)
Northwest Professional Consortium Research (2002)
Identifies successful efforts to help families meet legal requirements for permanency planning in the State of Oregon, including collaboration among service providers, improved treatment options and availability of services, engaging parents and promoting emotional relationships between parents and providers.