For many children who experience repeat maltreatment, the efforts of the child protective services system have not been successful in preventing subsequent victimization. Find sources of data on the recurrence of child maltreatment.
Child Maltreatment Recurrence: Supplement to the Briefing Paper on Child Maltreatment Recurrence (PDF - 740 KB)
National Resource Center on Child Maltreatment (2002)
Presents an overview of research and a guide to help States and localities formulate questions about recurrence that serve as a basis for research and evaluation.
Child Welfare Outcomes 2007-2010: Report to Congress
Mandated by the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997, this annual report analyzes the performance of state child welfare agencies on seven child welfare outcomes including the recurrence of child abuse and neglect, permanency planning, placement stability, and the safety of children in foster care. See a list of all Child Welfare Outcomes Reports
. Data were obtained from state reports provided to the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting Systems (AFCARS) and the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) in 2007 -- 2010. The report contains information on how the Department of Health and Human Services can and does use information from the Outcomes Reports and the CFSR to assist States in improving their efforts to achieve positive outcomes for children and families and the findings of the analyses of State data with regard to the seven outcome measures. Numerous tables.
National Efforts to Address Chronicity and Cumulative Harm (PDF - 293 KB)
Provides a presentation on prevalence of recurring maltreatment (chronic neglect) in children living in poverty in several States.
Reducing Re-referral in Unsubstantiated Child Protective Services Cases: Research To Practice
This paper identifies strategies to reduce re-referrals in unsubstantiated child protective services (CPS) cases. Based on the findings of three Children's Bureau funded research grants on unsubstantiated CPS cases, it summarizes the studies' key findings regarding factors influencing CPS decision-making and implications for practice including suggestions for assessing risk more effectively and creative ways to provide services to at-risk families in unsubstantiated cases.
Rereporting and Recurrence of Child Maltreatment : Findings from NCANDS
United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.;Walter R. McDonald and Associates.
Fluke, John D.;Shusterman, Gila.;Hollinshead;Yuan, Ying-Ying T.
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Most children who are subjects of a report of maltreatment to the State or local child protective services (CPS) agency are involved just once with CPS during their lives. Other children are referred more than once and their referrals result in repeated investigations or assessments (rereporting). Some of these children are found to have been revictimized (recurrence). This paper focuses on rereporting and recurrence, and on gaining a better understanding of the circumstances surrounding these children with repeated involvement with CPS. Most previous studies of subvsequent reports alleging maltreatment of the same child or of revictimization have included only small populations, administrative data from only one State, or relatively short observation periods. This study follows children for up to 5 years, using a multiyear, multistate case-level National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) data set that spans the time period from 1998 to 2002.
Using Administrative Records to Evaluate the Accuracy of Child Abuse Reports in a National Survey of Child Abuse and Neglect (PDF - 61 KB)
Smith, Biemer, Dowd, & Chiflikyan (2007)
Summarizes an evaluation of re-reports by comparing caseworker data and administrative data. Results include four rounds of data collection from over 6,200 children starting in 1999.