Presents sources of data on the abuse and neglect of children in foster care and other out-of-home care settings, such as residential or institutional facilities. Resources include State and local examples.
Child Welfare Outcomes 2010-2014: Report to Congress
The Child Welfare Outcomes Report is created by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to meet requirements of Section 203(a) of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA).1ASFA created Section 479A of the Social Security Act (the Act) to require HHS to issue an annual report that assesses state performance in operating child protection and child welfare programs under Titles IV-B and IV-E of the Act.2 Child Welfare Outcomes 1998 was the first report created in the Child Welfare Outcomes series of reports. The present report, Child Welfare Outcomes 2010–2014, is the 15th report since the series’ inception. 1 See appendix A for the current specifications of Section 479A of the Social Security Act, as created by the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 and amended by P.L. 112-34 and P.L. 113-183. The Children’s Bureau, within the Administration for Children and Families, HHS, is responsible for this report. 2 The Title IV-E agency is the state agency authorized to use federal Title IV-E funds to support foster care, adoption assistance, and kinship guardianship assistance. Title IV-E has been amended on several occasions to provide federal funding to support foster care, adoption, and kinship guardian assistance. Title IV-B provides preventative and protective services for children. For a more detailed understanding of the history and changes over time, please see http://www.acf.hhs.gov/cb/resource/title-iv-e-legislation-policy.
Child Maltreatment 2016
This report summarizes child abuse statistics submitted by states to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) during 2016. The data are presented in aggregate and by state, and trends are reported when available. Topics include sources of reports; time for response; victimization rates; types of maltreatment; age, race and gender of victims; age and gender of perpetrators; relationship of perpetrators to the victim; number of child fatalities; types of services provided; and additional research related to child maltreatment. During FFY 2016, an estimated 676,000 children in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico were determined to be victims of abuse or neglect. Nationally, 74.8 percent of victims experienced neglect and 18.2 percent were physically abused. For FFY 2016, an estimated 1,750 children died due to child abuse or neglect -- a rate of 2.36 children per 100,000 in the national population. Numerous tables and figures.
Prevalence of Maltreatment Among Youths in Public Sectors of Care
Miller, Green, Fettes, & Aarons (2011)
Child Maltreatment, 16(3)
Examines multiple types of maltreatment across five public sectors of care using data from youths aged 11 to 18 enrolled in one of the five sectors.
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State and local examples
Protecting Children: A Review of Investigations of Institutional Child Abuse and Neglect (PDF - 1040 KB)
New Jersey Office of the Child Advocate (2008)
Reports on cases of abuse in out-of-home settings during 2007 in New Jersey. Results address the effectiveness of the reporting and investigating procedures for these cases and suggestions on how to improve processes.
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