According to the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008, it is in the child’s best interests that "assurances by the State child welfare agency and the local education agencies to provide immediate and appropriate enrollment in a new school" be included in the child's case plan when changing schools. The nonregulatory guidance for the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) describes how a State education agency must coordinate with the State or Tribal child welfare agency to ensure that the local education agencies implement the educational stability requirements for children in foster care as stated in title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. This includes ensuring the following:
- A child in foster care will remain in his or her school of origin unless it is determined that this is not in the child’s best interest.
- If it is not in the child’s best interest to stay in his or her school of origin, the child will immediately be enrolled in a new school, even if the child is unable to produce records normally required for enrollment.
- The new (enrolling) school will immediately contact the school of origin to obtain relevant academic and other records.
These provisions help ensure minimal interruption to a child's learning and help support positive educational outcomes for children and youth in out-of-home care. The following resources offer information about how to support immediate enrollment for these children. Resources include State and local examples.
ABA Center on Children and the Law, Legal Center for Foster Care & Education (2019)
Defines the provisions and requirements of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). Includes a toolkit and resources to support school stability and success of students in foster care.
Non-Regulatory Guidance: Ensuring Educational Stability for Children in Foster Care
U.S. Department of Education & U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2016)
Provides joint guidance for education and child welfare agencies to use as they establish new partnerships and implement the educational stability provisions of ESSA. These materials include promising practices from the field and two joint letters on the guidance and timelines.
School & Parents Part One
Foster Focus, 4
Describes the roles and responsibilities of foster parents regarding their child’s educational process.
Best Practices: Immediate Enrollment for Children and Youth in Foster Care (PDF - 154 KB)
Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Foster Care Education Program (2016)
Examines the statistics regarding the educational success of children in foster care and offers strategies for reducing the barriers that hinder educational opportunities for children in the child welfare system.
School Registration for Children in Out-of-Home Care: Information for Caregivers and Educators (PDF - 269 KB)
New Jersey Department of Children and Families & New Jersey Department of Education (2018)
Explains the school registration process in order to ensure the school attendance of New Jersey children in out-of-home care within 72 hours of placement. This flyer also includes guidelines on registration and attendance requirements as well as necessary documents.