Migration often involves the separation of families and changed roles within families. It can be a traumatic experience that affects children and youth's sense of well-being. Find resources in this section related to trauma and well-being of immigrant children and youth.
Children in Immigrant Families: Essential to America's Future (PDF - 2,980 KB)
Hernandez & Napierala (2012)
Foundation for Child Development
Compares the well-being of children in immigrant families to children with U.S.-born parents and finds significant gaps in income, education, and health.
Culture and Trauma
National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Impact, Spring 2012
Highlights work being done to address the cultural dimensions of trauma at the individual level, including both the client and practitioner; the organization or system level; and the broader community level. One of the articles addresses a program that provides bilingual and bicultural services to traumatized Spanish-speaking immigrant families.
Facing Our Future: Children in the Aftermath of Immigration Enforcement
Chaudry, Capps, Pedroza, Casta, Santos, & Scott (2010)
The Urban Institute
Examines the consequences of parental arrest, detention, and deportation. This report provides recommendations for stakeholders to mitigate the harmful effects of immigration enforcement on children
Female Genital Cutting
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women’s Health (2015)
Provides general information on female genital cutting, including locations where it occurs, the health risks associated with the practice, and resources for individuals that have undergone it.
Female Genital Mutilation or Cutting (FGM/C)
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
Offers national and international resources and information about female genital mutilation or cutting, including information to eliminate the practice.
Halfway Home: Unaccompanied Children in Immigration Custody
Women's Refugee Commission & Orrick, Herrington and Sutcliffe (2009)
Provides an overview of what life is like for children in the Division of Unaccompanied Children's Services (DUCS), Border Patrol, and Office of Refugee Resettlement, Immigration and Customs Enforcement custody. Findings indicate that the treatment of most unaccompanied children has greatly improved with the transfer of custody to DUCS. DUCS has made significant improvements in the quality of medical care, has identified children in need of protection, and has created a mechanism to better ensure that children are released to safe environments.
In the Child's Best Interest? The Consequences of Losing a Lawful Immigrant Parent to Deportation (PDF - 587 KB)
Baum, Jones, & Barry (2010)
University of California, Berkley and Davis Schools of Law
Examines the experiences of U.S. citizen children impacted by the deportation of their lawful permanent resident parents and proposes ways to reform U.S. law consistent with domestic and international standards aimed to improve the lives of children.
Latino Cultural Guide: Building Capacity to Strengthen the Well-Being of Immigrant Families and Their Children: A Prevention Strategy (PDF - 175 KB)
Center for the Advanced Studies in Child Welfare (2010)
Highlights characteristics that are important to understanding Latino culture and family dynamics.
Supporting Refugee Families: Adapting Family Strengthening Programs That Build on Assets (PDF - 93 KB)
Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services (2010)
Provides resources and suggestions for choosing evidence-based family strengthening programs for use with refugee populations. This resource also describes programs that have successfully adapted national family strengthening programs to refugees.
Trauma Informed Care for Children Exposed to Violence: Tips for Agencies Working With Immigrant Families (PDF - 1,382 KB)
Safe Start Center (2011)
Explains the impact exposure to violence may have on children, the harm that can result if they do not receive support to help them cope and heal, and the role of service providers in effectively responding to immigrant families and children exposed to violence.