The oppression of American Indians and Alaska Natives and the resulting historical trauma and adverse childhood experiences have contributed to disproportionately high rates of depression, other mental illness, and suicide among Tribal youth. Find resources in this section addressing this phenomenon and offering prevention strategies.
Addressing Trauma in American Indian and Alaska Native Youth
Lechner, Cavanaugh, & Blyler (2016)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
Discusses trauma-informed best practices and programs designed to address the behavioral health needs of American Indian and Alaska Native youth.
American Indian/Alaska Native Settings
Suicide Prevention Resource Center (2020)
Offers concrete steps for service providers in working with American Indian and Alaska Native communities to prevent youth suicide attempts, as well as resources to support behavioral health and wellness within these communities.
Indian Country Child Trauma Center
Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration, National Child Traumatic Stress Initiative
Provides information on treatment protocols, outreach materials, and service delivery guidelines specifically designed for American Indian and Alaska Native children and their families.
Suicide Clusters Within American Indian and Alaska Native Communities: A Review of the Literature and Recommendations
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2017)
Discusses the role of contagion in suicide clusters among American Indian and Alaska Native youth, a population already at higher risk for suicide-related deaths.
Bureau of Indian Education (2020)
Provides a list of Federal agencies and organizations working to prevent suicide among American Indian and Alaska Native youths.
Suicide Prevention and Care Program
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Indian Health Service
Provides immediate assistance to individuals in suicidal crisis by connecting them to the nearest available crisis center in their area.
Suicide Prevention Resource Center: American Indian / Alaska Native Suicide Prevention
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Serves as a link between community resources and best practices in suicide prevention, especially culturally appropriate practices that may reduce risk and increase protective factors among Tribal members.