Find resources related to permanency and customary adoption—adoptions in which parental rights are suspended, rather than terminated, allowing for continued Tribal connections.
Explains the passage of legislation that allows Tribal customary adoption for American Indian children in foster care in California. Factsheets for county and Tribal Indian Child Welfare Act social workers on Tribal customary adoptions, sample Tribal customary adoption orders, and answers to frequently asked questions about Tribal customary adoptions are also provided.
National Indian Child Welfare Association
Provides bibliography of resources on customary adoptions, First Nations Adoptions, identity development, Indian Adoption Project, Outcomes for Transracially Adoption Native American Children, and general Tribal child welfare.
Native American Transracial Adoptees Tell Their Stories
Simon & Hernandez (2008)
Includes 20 interviews with Native American adoptees raised in non-Native homes that explore complex questions of cultural identity formation.
Permanency Through Wabanaki Eyes: A Narrative Perspective From "The People Who Live Where the Sun Rises"
Morrison, Fox, Cross, & Paul
Child Welfare, 89(1), 2010
View Abstract and Document
Presents a discussion of customary adoption with Roger Paul, a member of the Passamaquoddy and Maliseet Tribes. His wide-ranging narrative response illuminates past abuses and current strengths of Tribal child welfare practice and belief.
Promising Practice for Maintaining Identities in First Nation Adoption
Explores the importance of identity in American Indian adoption.
Timely Permanency Through Reunification (PDF - 3,327 KB)
Casey Family Programs (2011)
Features the Michigan Sault Ste. Marie Tribe while highlighting promising practices, outcomes, and lessons learned through the breakthrough series' collaborative methodology.
Why Is Adoption Like a First Nations Feast?: Lax Kw'alaarms Indigenizing Adoptions in Child Welfare (PDF - 531 KB)
Bertsch & Bidgood
First Peoples Child & Family Review, 5(1), 2010
Identifies a series of recommendations for a more culturally sensitive adoption practice and discusses the role of social workers as leaders.