The following resources address how to ensure cultural competence when working with relative or kinship caregivers, including State and local examples.
Across Generations: Culture, History, and Policy in the Social Ecology of American Indian Grandparents Parenting Their Grandchildren
Mooradian, Cross, & Stutzky
Journal of Family Social Work, 10(4), 2006
Describes an investigation of ecological factors related to the experience of American Indian grandparents raising their grandchildren.
African-American Boys in Relative Care and a Culturally Centered Group Mentoring Approach
Washington, Johnson, Jones, & Langs
Social Work With Groups, 30(1), 2007
Describes the integration of the Afrocentric conceptual framework in a centered group mentoring intervention pilot with African-American boys in a relative caregiver program in Memphis. Outcomes and limitations are discussed.
African American Children in the Child Welfare and Kinship System: From Exclusion to Over Inclusion
Nasuti, York, & Sandell
Child Abuse and Neglect, 26(5), 2004
Examines the relationship of African-American children and families to the formal child welfare system, considers the use of kinship care as an integral part of foster care planning, and encourages social workers to become more culturally competent practitioners.
American Indian Grand Families: Eight Adolescent and Grandparent Dyads Share Perceptions on Various Aspects of the Kinship Care Relationship
Cross & Day
Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 17(1), 2008
Discusses major themes that emerged from data analysis using a phenomenological perspective. The article also addresses social work practice with American Indian grandfamilies and directions for future research.
Connective Complexity: African American Adolescents and the Relational Context of Kinship Foster Care
Child Welfare, 87(2), 2008
Presents findings on the stability of relationships, as well as complex role dilemmas experienced by kinship youth as they relate to caregivers and birthparents in the child welfare context. Implications are given for practice with kinship families.
Delivering Culturally Sensitive Health Messages: The Process of Adapting Brochures for Grandparents Raising Grandchildren in Hawai'i
Health Promotion Practice
Reviews the process of designing a series of brochures in a culturally sensitive manner for grandparents raising grandchildren in Hawaii. Pilot tests of draft brochures included national source material on topics important to grandparents: self-care, service use, addiction, and grandchildren's difficult behaviors.
Extended Family Patterns, Kinship Care, and Informal Adoption
In Families in Therapy: Understanding the African American Experience. Second Edition
Describes African-American extended family networkers, discusses reciprocity in families, nuclear family households within an extended family culture, and the different forms of extended family constellations.
Kinship Care for African American Children: Disproportionate and Disadvantageous
Harris & Skyles
Journal of Family Issues, 29(8), 2008
Highlights individual and systemic practices that perpetuate the overuse of and reliance on kinship care, and instead emphasizes family reunification as the best permanency plan for African-American children in the child welfare system.
Needs and Issues of Latino and Native American Nonparental Relative Caregivers: Strengths and Challenges Within a Cultural Context
Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal, 37(3), 2009
Presents findings from interviews conducted, with Latino and Native American caregivers of one or more children, to learn more about child needs, caregiving issues, and the caregiver's impact on the children. Findings suggest differential needs, concerns, and impact among these diverse caregivers.
Culturally Competent Practice With Kin Caregivers: Learning Resources
North Carolina Division of Social Services Child Welfare Services Statewide Training Partnership
Training Matters, 12(1), 2010
Provides resources to strengthen cultural competence in child welfare professionals so that they may support and engage kinship care providers effectively.