Youth involved with child welfare may be at a higher risk for substance use disorders than their peers in the general population. This section highlights treatment programs specifically focused on youth, provides information about the assessment of adolescent involvement with alcohol and other drugs, and points to research on possible factors and supports important for sustained recovery after youth complete treatment.
Alcohol and Drug Treatment Programs for Teens
Offers specialized drug rehab programs for teens when they are struggling with substance abuse, which include education groups, individual, and family counseling and education and recovery planning for relapse prevention.
Mobilizing Communities to Implement Tested and Effective Programs to Help Youth Avoid Risky Behaviors: The Communities That Care Approach (PDF - 218 KB)
Hawkins, Catalano, & Kuklinski (2011)
Describes the Communities That Care prevention system, the steps involved in implementing this system, and major findings from a community randomized controlled trial of Communities That Care.
Multidimensional Family Therapy: An Evidence-Based Treatment for Juvenile Justice Involved and Substance Abusing Adolescents
Henderson, Marvel, Rowe, Dakof, & Liddle (2012)
Outlines the clinical characteristics of juvenile justice involved youth, the current system of substance abuse treatment service delivery, and the research-supported elements of effective intervention with this population. Multidimensional Family Therapy Cross-Systems (MDFT-CS) is then profiled as a system that works across mental health, substance abuse, juvenile justice, child welfare, and education systems to provide a continuity of care for adolescents.
Substance Abuse Treatment for Children and Adolescents: Questions to Ask
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41 (2013)
Provides parents with a list of questions to ask a child or adolescent psychiatrist when making decisions about substance use problems and treatment for their child.
Teens in Foster Care Less Likely to Talk to Parents or Guardians About the Dangers of Substance Use (PDF - 753 KB)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2014)
Details survey results that indicate adolescents ages 12 to 17 in foster care were less likely than those living with biological or adoptive parents to talk with a parent or guardian about the dangers of drug and alcohol use. Includes a chart illustrating the receipt of substance use prevention messages in the past year among adolescents ages 12 to 17 from 2002 to 2012 and three references.
Treatment Process Predictors of Program Completion or Dropout among Minority Adolescents Enrolled in a Brief Motivational Substance Abuse Intervention
Cordaro, Wagner,Tubman, & Morris (2012)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 21(1)
Documents significant differences in alliance in a predominantly Latino sample of adolescents who either completed or dropped out of a Guided Self-Change treatment program. The use of brief clinical tools to monitor and manage alliances among adolescents receiving treatment who are at risk for dropping out is discussed.
Treatment Programs for Substance-Abusing Youth
In Child Welfare League of America
Discusses recent developments on the understanding of juvenile substance abuse and efforts to bridge the gap between empirical evidence and practice and to improve coordination among service providers are discussed. The National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network and the Reclaiming Futures model are described, as well as Functional Family Therapy, Multisystemic Therapy, Life Skills Training, and juvenile drug courts.
Understanding and Treating Adolescent Substance Use Disorders: Assessment, Treatment, Juvenile Justice Responses
Provides an overview of the adolescent substance use problem and examines critical issues and treatment approaches. This report explains the scope of the substance abuse among adolescents focusing on all factors, critical issues associated with adolescent mental health, treatment needs for special populations, multisystem strategies, and therapeutic community approaches.
What Adolescents Need to Prevent Relapse After Treatment for Substance Abuse: A Comparison of Youth, Parent, and Staff Perspectives
Acria, Gogel, Pollocka, & Wisdoma (2012)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 21(2)
Explores what factors youths, caregivers, and staff perceive as important to remain substance free after completing a residential treatment program. Findings, implications and potential areas of inquiry are discussed.