Residential treatment programs where children continue to live with their mothers promote parental attachment and improve parenting skills, in addition to increasing the likelihood of program completion. Find information about comprehensive, high-quality residential treatment services for women and their children, parental rights to make arrangements for their child's care during treatment, and research on women's experiences during treatment.
Addressing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) In Women's Residential Substance Abuse Treatment: A Fact Sheet for Administrators and Providers (PDF - 843 KB)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Center for Substance Abuse Prevention & SAMHSA Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Center for Excellence (2013)
Discusses the benefits of identifying and addressing women with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder (FASD) in substance abuse treatment systems by explaining that if a woman in residential treatment has an FASD, her brain-based disorder may result in difficulties responding to traditional treatment approaches, reducing the likelihood of successful outcomes. Includes steps for modifying treatment programs are then described with a list of resources.
A Collaborative Approach to the Treatment of Pregnant Women with Opioid Use Disorders
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare (NCSACW) (2016)
Discusses the effects associated with opioid use by pregnant women, as well as the risks and benefits of medication-assisted treatment, in order to guide states, tribes, and local communities toward best practice approaches.
Environmental Risk Factors and Custody Status in Children of Substance Abusers
Kyzer, Conners-Burrow, & McKelvey (2014)
Children and Youth Services Review, 36
Examines changes in the legal and physical custody status of children before and after treatment, as well as neighborhood and household factors that can impact children's physical or emotional health and safety using data from a substance abuse treatment program for women and their children.
Experiences of Drug Use and Parenting among Women in Substance Abuse Treatment: An Exploratory Study
Panchanadeswaran & Jayasundara
Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 22(8)
Describes an exploratory study whose purpose was to examine the multiple contexts of vulnerability, drug use, and parenting for women in substance abuse treatment. The research highlights the findings of the study, the complexity of women's experiences, and suggests implications for future practice and research.
Increasing Family Engagement: The SAMHSA/CSAT PPW Grantee Program 2006 (PDF - 2,820 KB)
Discusses the lessons grantees learned on how to improve family engagement within agencies and work collaboratively to identify and create methods of increased family-member involvement in support of pregnant and parenting women in treatment.
Infant Risk and Safety in the Context of Maternal Substance Use
Tsantefski, Humphreys, & Jackson (2014)
Children and Youth Services Review, 47(11)
Examines the factors which contributed to infant risk or safety from the perinatal period to the end of the infant's first year who have substance-dependent mothers providing postnatal care and managing pharmacotherapy.
Improving Pregnancy Outcomes Among High-Risk Mothers Who Abuse Alcohol and Drugs: Factors Associated with Subsequent Exposed Births
Grant, Graham, Ernst, Peavy, & Brown (2014)
Explores whether loss of a child due to substance abuse is associated with risk of a subsequent alcohol/drug-exposed birth in substance-abusing mothers enrolled in the Washington State Parent-Child Assistance Program.
Strong Start Wraparound: Addressing the Complex Needs of Mothers in Early Recovery
Zero to Three, 35(1)
Explores the Strong Start Study that tested wraparound interventions with families in early recovery from substance use. This study defines the wraparound model as it relates to protective factors and offers implications and findings based on the population studied.
Supporting Mothers to Prevent Subsequent Prenatal Substance Use: Research to Practice Brief (PDF - 2,613 KB)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children's Bureau, National Abandoned Infants Assistance Resource Center & University of California, Berkeley (2015)
Discusses recurring alcohol- or drug-exposed births among women who use substances prenatally, the low treatment completion rates of women with substance use disorders, and the risk of subsequent substance-exposed newborns. Maternal risk factors associated with having at least one substance-exposed newborn are listed and promising services and treatments are highlighted.
You Don't Have to Stop Being a Parent While You Are in a Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Facility (PDF - 610 KB)
New York State Office of Children and Family Services (2011)
Explains to parents their rights for the care of their children while in residential drug treatment programs in New York State.