Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) is an umbrella term that refers to a range of conditions that includes fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), fetal alcohol effects (FAE), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), and alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD). FASDs can occur in an individual who was exposed to alcohol in utero. While FASD describes an array of disorders, FAS is a specific birth defect caused by alcohol use during pregnancy. FASD is not a diagnostic term used by clinicians. In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association introduced neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE) as a condition in need of further study and a specifier for intellectual disability.
FAS/FASD Information and Education Resources
Adoptive and Foster Family Coalition of New York (2016)
Provides information and resources for developing effective parenting strategies and educating communities on the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure and the complexity of diagnosing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Provides an overview of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) and information on diagnosis and tests, prevention and risk factors, treatments and therapies, and statistics and research. The webpage includes a health check tool, patient handouts, as well as additional resources.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: FAQs of Parents and Families
Answers questions about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), prevention strategies, statistics on occurrence, treatment options, and other common questions parents and families may have about FASDs. The webpage includes a list of resources for more information on FASDs.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Toolkit
American Academy of Pediatrics & Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (2013)
Offers a comprehensive toolkit that serves as the framework for in-home medical management of a child with an FASD. Also provides tools and resources for primary care providers to be better equipped to meet the special needs of these children and families. Sections include, identification, diagnosis, and referral; addressing families of children with an FASD; evidence-based interventions specific to children with FASDs; medication and emerging therapies; and sample forms.
Saving Babies from Exposure to Alcohol
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2014)
Highlights the importance of preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancies and identifying the unique needs of individuals in treatment for mental and/or substance use disorders that may have been prenatally exposed to alcohol.
Tools for Parents and Caregivers
National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Provides general information and resources on fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), as well as specific information on caring for and working with FASD-affected infants, children, and adults. The webpage includes materials for educators and those working in the criminal justice system.