Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) is an umbrella term that refers to a range of conditions that includes fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), fetal alcohol effects (FAE), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), and alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD). FASDs can occur in an individual who was exposed to alcohol in utero. While FASD describes an array of disorders, FAS is a specific birth defect caused by alcohol use during pregnancy. FASD is not a diagnostic term used by clinicians. In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association introduced neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE) as a condition in need of further study and a specifier for intellectual disability.
Addressing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) In Women's Residential Substance Abuse Treatment: A Fact Sheet for Administrators and Providers (PDF - 843 KB)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, & Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Center for Excellence (2013)
Discusses the benefits of identifying and addressing women with FASD in substance abuse treatment systems by explaining that if a woman in residential treatment has an FASD, her brain-based disorder may result in difficulties responding to traditional treatment approaches, reducing the likelihood of successful outcomes. Includes steps for modifying treatment programs and a list of resources.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): How Judges Can Improve Outcomes for Affected Children and Parents
Burd, Herrick, & Walker (2012)
National Court Appointed Special Advocate Associate
Discusses the adverse effects of alcohol on the developing fetus and the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) among court-involved children and their parents. Strategies for judges to better understand FASD and ascertain the mother's drinking history are provided.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Toolkit
American Academy of Pediatrics & Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (2013)
Offers a comprehensive toolkit that serves as the framework for in-home medical management of a child with an FASD. Also provides tools and resources for primary care providers to be better equipped to meet the special needs of these children and families. Sections include, identification, diagnosis, and referral; addressing families of children with an FASD; evidence-based interventions specific to children with FASDs; medication and emerging therapies; and sample forms.
Integrating Sustainable Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Services in Your Existing Service Setting: An Introduction to Key Steps (PDF - 669 KB)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Center for Excellence (2013)
Discusses four key components for integrating FASD practices into existing services settings: designing and implementing program components, developing task forces, expanding staff knowledge and skills around FASD, and collecting data to measure and report outcomes. Steps for implementing each component are described, as well as implementation challenges and possible positive impacts. A list of resources is also included.
Preventing and Addressing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) in Your State (PDF - 1,082 KB)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, & Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Center for Excellence (2013)
Explains the importance of preventing and addressing FASDs in a variety of health, education, criminal justice, and social service settings, and describes key elements of effectively addressing FASDs in States. Challenges are identified and addressed for each step in the process, and a list of resources is provided.
Saving Babies from Exposure to Alcohol
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2014)
Highlights the importance of preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancies and identifying the unique needs of individuals in treatment for mental and/or substance use disorders that may have been prenatally exposed to alcohol.
Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Guide to FASD for Parents, Carers and Professionals
Catterick & Curran (2014)
Utilizes illustrative diagrams, photographs, and charts to illustrates how FASD can be identified and gives guidance on how alcohol can harm the fetus and disrupt development and how FASD affects individuals at different stages of their lives.