Abusive head trauma (AHT) involves an inflicted injury to the head and its contents, including injuries caused by shaking and blunt impact. The term "shaken baby syndrome" (SBS) is commonly used to describe one form of AHT. The following resources address different strategies and programs to prevent AHT/SBS, including State and local examples.
All Babies Cry
Vida Health Communications
Incorporates the protective factors of the Strengthening Families Initiative to show new mothers and fathers demonstrations of infant soothing and strategies for managing normal stress in parenting.
Abusive Head Trauma During a Time of Increased Unemployment: A Multicenter Analysis
Berger, Fromkin, Stutz, Makoroff, Scribano, Feldman, et al.
Pediatrics, 128(4), 2011
Presents findings that indicate an increase in rates of abusive head trauma during the recent recession and suggest that prevention efforts might need to be increased significantly during times of economic hardship.
Parent Education by Maternity Nurses and Prevention of Abusive Head Trauma
Altman, Canter, Patrick, Daley, Butt, Neelofar & Brand (2011)
Reviews a program designed to teach parents about the dangers of shaking infants and how to cope safely with an infant's crying. Evaluates the effectiveness of the program in reducing the frequency of shaking injuries includes a leaflet explaining abusive head trauma (shaken baby syndrome) and how to prevent it, and an 8-minute video on the subject.
Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome: A Guide for Health Departments and Community-Based Organizations (PDF - 2,529 KB)
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2010)
Offers a guide to help organizations identify roles and take action to protect infants from Shaken Baby Syndrome. The guide outlines steps for implementing evidence-based intervention strategies; integrating specific education messages into existing programs for new parents, caregivers, professionals, and the general public; and engaging in activities that impact policy development that is effective in preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome.
Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention Legislation
National Conference of State Legislatures (2014)
Reviews enacted State laws on the prevention of Shaken Baby Syndrome. Subtopics addressed include information regarding hospitals and birthing, child care providers, public awareness campaigns, and school awareness.
Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention Legislation
National Conference of State Legislatures (2011)
Presents a chart of State laws that establish programs or initiatives to prevent shaken baby syndrome. The laws address hospital-based programs, child care provider requirements, and public and school awareness campaigns.
Abusive Head Trauma Among Children Aged <2 Years—Alaska, 2005–2010 (PDF - 120 KB)
Alaska Department of Health and Social Services Division of Public Health (2012)
Discusses the findings of a study that sought to characterize the epidemiology of pediatric abusive head trauma (AHT) among children under the age of 2 in Alaska. Findings indicate that primary prevention efforts to reduce AHT should be implemented at birth (or before) with culturally appropriate materials for diverse minority populations. Recommendations for health-care providers are included.
Abusive Head Trauma (Shaken Baby Syndrome) in Virginia, 2004 - 2008 (PDF - 70 KB)
Virginia Department of Health, Division of Prevention and Health Promotion (2010)
Virginia Injury Update, 4(3)
Examines the burden of health injuries in infants and toddlers attributed to shaken baby syndrome (SBS) in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The brief lists factors that can increase a caregiver's risk for harming a child and provides recommendations for preventing SBS.
The Period of PURPLE Crying: Keeping Babies Safe in North Carolina
Runyan & Zolotor (2009)
In Preventing Child Maltreatment: Community Approaches
Reports progress in a Statewide effort to prevent abusive head trauma (AHT) in North Carolina through a community-based educational campaign. It provides information about AHT to parents and others in the newborn nursery, in community settings, and through a media campaign.
Radio Roadblocks to Raise Awareness of Shaken Baby Syndrome: A Roadmap for Children's Hospitals [Conference Call]
Hanley & Veltema (2008)
Describes the coordination and impact of a campaign with 19 local radio stations in Michigan to raise awareness and reduce the number of children injured by being shaken.
Shaken Baby Syndrome
Epilepsy Association of Central Florida
Defines SBS, lists symptoms and statistics, offers education and family support, and presents prevention tips for coping with a crying baby.
Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention Toolkit
New York State Department of Health, Bureau of Injury Prevention (2010)
Provides information to educate communities on the dangers of shaking a baby or young child. Toolkit includes factsheets, public awareness campaign materials, PowerPoint slides, and brochures for parents.