Child welfare professionals can use a variety of strategies to help youth achieve legal permanency and establish and maintain meaningful connections with caring adults. Permanency needs and strategies will vary based on the youth's circumstances. Recent programs have focused on involving youth in their own permanency planning as much as possible; programs have included such strategies as family finding, permanency roundtables, benchmark conferences with judges, youth-specific recruitment, and more.
The Multi-Site Accelerated Permanency Project Technical Report: 12-Month Permanency Outcomes (PDF - 100,352 KB)
Roller White, Corwin, Buher, O'Brien (2013)
Casey Family Programs
Discusses the findings of a project that focused on youth age 12 or older who had other planned permanent living arrangements, also known as another planned permanent living arrangements as their case planning goal. The study highlights how permanency roundtables—a process designed to help youth who had been in foster care the longest achieve permanency and to help staff learn new ways of addressing permanency barriers—could be used to increase legal permanency rates of older youth in foster care. This resource includes recommendations for overcoming the challenges of achieving legal permanency in the areas of practice, policy, research, and more.
Creating a Permanence Driven Organization: A Guidebook for Change in Child Welfare (PDF - 9,144 KB)
Semanchin Jones, LaLiberte, & Franck Meyer (2013)
Anu Family Services & University of Minnesota School of Social Work, Center for Advanced Studies in Child Welfare
Demonstrates how agencies can shift from helping youth in the care of the child welfare system survive to helping foster youth thrive through a permanence-driven framework.
Involving Foster Parents in Permanency Planning for Adolescents in Treatment Foster Care
Piescher, Armendariz, & LaLiberte (2008)
University of Minnesota Center for Advanced Studies in Child Welfare
Provides information to help foster care agencies become familiar with the permanency-related needs of adolescents in treatment foster care homes and identify the most effective methods for involving foster parents in permanency planning.
Love and Belonging for a Lifetime: Youth Permanency in Child Welfare (PDF - 1,270)
Hanson & Greenblatt (2011)
Protecting Children, 26(1)
Highlights practice and policy issues that support effective permanency planning and decision-making with adolescents in foster care.
Making it Possible: Permanency Pathways for Older Youth in Care
National Center for Child Welfare Excellence (2014)
Provides an overview about how to improve permanency outcomes for older youth in care, with an emphasis on shifting assumptions about what can and cannot happen for older youth in care. Both a Facilitator's Guide (PDF - 450 KB) and Participant Handouts (PDF - 1,393 KB) are available.
Never Too Old: Achieving Permanency and Sustaining Connections for Older Youth in Foster Care
Howard & Berzin (2011)
The Donaldson Adoption Institute
Explores the number of foster youth who age out of care, legal obligations for serving emancipating youth, outcomes for emancipated youth, and adoption and guardianship of older youth.
Permanency Enhancement Interventions for Adolescents
California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare (2012)
Reviews interventions designed to address various barriers to permanency for adolescents, including emotional or behavioral disorders that may be present in youth, a lack of availability of a caring adult in the youth's life, and court or other legal delays to achieving permanency.
Permanency Outcomes for Youth With Complex Mental Health Needs Served by the Child Protective Services Reintegration Project: Phase II Evaluation Report
Casey Family Programs (2011)
Evaluates permanency outcomes for youth served by the Child Protective Services Reintegration Project in Travis County, TX, which attempted to reintegrate difficult-to-place youth back into the community in a family setting.