Research has shown that children and youth from minority groups are disproportionately represented in out-of-home care. This section provides information about promoting permanency for children and youth from specific minority groups.
- Permanency for American Indian children and youth
- Permanency for African-American children and youth
- Permanency for Hispanic children and youth
Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 08-22: Permanency for American Indian and Alaska Native Foster Children: Taking Lessons From Tribes
The University of Arizona, James E. Rogers College of Law
Addresses the implications of the child welfare goal of permanency for children who qualify as Indian children under Federal law.
National Indian Child Welfare Association
Provides bibliographies of resources on a variety of topics, including customary adoptions, first nations adoptions, identity development, the Indian Adoption Project, outcomes for transracial adoption of Native American children, and general Tribal child welfare.
Denver Indian Family Resource Center: Research Report (PDF - 1,080 KB)
Rocky Mountain Quality Improvement Center (2007)
Discusses the activities and outcomes of the project that was designed to prevent the removal and out-of-home placement, or to promote timely return home, of Native American children who have become involved with the child welfare system due to parental substance abuse, child neglect, or maltreatment.
National Child Welfare Resource Center for Tribes
Assists Tribes in the enhancement of child welfare services and the promotion of safety, permanency, and well-being for American Indian/Alaska Native children and families.
Examining African American Fathers' Involvement in Permanency Planning: An Effort to Reduce Racial Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System (PDF - 193 KB)
Children and Youth Services Review, 30
Examines the extent to which African-American fathers' involvement in permanency planning influences children's placement outcomes using a secondary data analysis of child welfare case records.
Finding Families for African American Children: The Role of Race & Law in Adoption From Foster Care
Smith, McRoy, Freundlich, & Kroll (2008)
The Donaldson Adoption Institute
Explores issues relating to transracial adoption and calls for major changes to better serve the needs of children of color and to improve their prospects of moving to permanent, loving homes.
Foster Care Placement Settings and Permanency Planning (PDF - 158 KB)
The Urban Institute (2007)
Focuses on placement settings and case goals for Latin American immigrant children and children of Latin American immigrants compared with Hispanic and non-Hispanic children of U.S.-born parents in the custody of the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services.
Remove Barriers and Latino Families Will Adopt: Adoption in the Latino Community
Addresses issues unique to the Latino adoption experience and identifies strategies to remove barriers that keep Latino families from pursuing adoption.