Children and youth in out-of-home care must be involved in planning for their own permanency to the extent possible. Discussing permanency options, explaining the processes, and helping children and youth deal with the emotional ups and downs are all activities that can help prepare and support them to achieve permanency. The following resources can help professionals prepare youth throughout the permanency process.
The 3-5-7 Model: Preparing Children for Permanency
Children and Youth Services Review, 27(2)
Presents a practice model for assisting children in grieving losses, formulating self-identity, establishing trust and security through attachments, and building relationships and openness to join families on a permanent basis.
CW360°: A Comprehensive Look at a Prevalent Child Welfare Issue: Permanency or Aging Out: Adolescents in the Child Welfare System (PDF - 873 KB)
LaLiberte & Snyder (Eds.) (2009)
University of Minnesota, Center for Advanced Studies in Child Welfare
Describes the successes, challenges, and outcomes for youth from all backgrounds emancipating from child welfare in finding permanency. The issue includes recommended practice approaches and resources to assist those working with adolescents receiving child welfare services.
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Child Welfare Information Gateway
Download (PDF - 446KB)
Never Too Old: Achieving Permanency and Sustaining Connections for Older Youth in Foster Care (PDF - 1,417 KB)
Howard & Berzin (2011)
Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Examines State and Federal initiatives that focus on older youth in foster care and recommends steps to achieve better outcomes. Recommendations call for increasing the rates of youth permanency by implementing techniques shown to be effective and using subsidized guardianships; increasing efforts to recruit, support, and utilize relatives; developing and assessing practices that reduce the time children remain in care, establishing a permanency goal for every youth, and expanding research efforts.