This section provides resources about Federal and State laws regarding interjurisdictional placements and about how court and child welfare personnel can work across State lines to help children and youth achieve permanency. Resources include State and local examples.
Foster Kids in Limbo: The Effects of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children on the Permanency of Children in Foster Care (PDF - 1,208 KB)
Outlines findings from a project that sought to gain a better understanding of ICPC issues by obtaining data from 27 States. Each State answered questions about the number of children affected; the types of placements that are most commonly impacted; how long home studies take; why, and how frequently, are potential placements denied following home studies; and how home study denials can be reviewed or appealed.
ICPC State Pages
American Public Human Services Association (2012)
Provides State-by-State information on provisions relating to the Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children (ICPC). For each State, information is provided on regulations that govern licensing and certification approvals, home study requirements, border agreements, and much more.
Judicial Oversight Over the Interstate Placement of Foster Children: The Missing Element in Current Efforts to Reform the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (PDF - 301 KB)Sankaran (2009)
Capital University Law Review, 38
Examines the role juvenile court judges play in making placement decisions for foster children, the need for judicial oversight in ICPC placements, and how to incorporate more oversight without interfering with the sovereignty of States.
Let's Talk About It! Facilitating Interjurisdictional Adoption Through Mediation
Johnson-Shelton, Quash-Mah, Lake, & McCartney (2005)
Profiles the Implementation of Collaborative Planning to Increase Interjurisdictional Adoptions, a project that created a system of facilitation and effective problem-solving between States based on differences in State policy and practice. The article explains procedures for interjurisdictional adoption.
National Center for State Courts: Knowledge and Information Services
Provides a gateway to a variety of resources related to courts, including technology tools, government relations topics, public outreach tools, and more.
Navigating the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children: Advocacy Tips for Child Welfare Attorneys (PDF - 218 KB)
ABA Child Law Practice, 27(3)
Discusses strategies that child welfare attorneys can use to overcome barriers to permanency created by the ICPC.
Safe and Timely Interstate Placement of Foster Children Act of 2006: Public Law 109-239: H.R. 5403
U.S. Congress (2006)
Index of Federal Child Welfare Laws
Explains that each State plan for foster care and adoption assistance requires that the State has procedures for orderly and timely interstate placement of children, completes home studies requested by another State within a specified period, and accepts home studies received from another State.
Instructions for Processing Requests for Interstate Home Studies (PDF - 34 KB)
Minnesota Department of Human Services (2013)
Describes how the Minnesota Department of Human Services processes home study requests through the ICPC and provides direction to counties, Tribal agencies, and licensed child placing agencies on how the process applies in different requests.