The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act of 2014 (PDF - 274 KB) is a Federal law designed to promote well-being and normalcy for youth in foster care by allowing caregivers and foster parents to use the reasonable and prudent parent standard, or their best judgment, in making day-to-day decisions regarding the youth in their care. The normalcy aspect of the law promotes participation in age-appropriate activities and experiences that allow for healthy development and well-being for youth involved in foster care. The following resources provide information for professionals and caregivers on how to support and promote typical childhood experiences for youth in foster care.
Becoming "Smart" About Relationship Building: Foster Care and the Use of Technology (PDF - 2,061 KB)
Denby-Brinson, Gomez, & Alford (2015)
University of Nevada Las Vegas, The Lincy Institute
Issue Brief Social Services, 3
Discusses the use of smartphones in a federally funded program designed to help youth in foster care create relationships; reclaim relationships from their past; and remain connected to other youth, service providers, and mentors. Service providers reported that the use of phones help to create a sense of normalcy for the youth.
Fact Sheet for Foster Youth Advocates (PDF - 194 KB)
Foster Youth in Action (2015)
Outlines the specifics of the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act of 2014 Federal law and recommendations for States on next steps to implementation and protecting youth in foster care.
Normalcy for Children in Foster Care (PDF - 500 KB)
Congressional Research Service (2013)
Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative
Summarizes legislative initiatives to promote normalcy, or the participation in age-appropriate social and extracurricular activities, for youth in foster care.
Normalcy Resources for Older Youth in Care (PDF - 210 KB)
Office of Children and Families in the Courts (2015)
Highlights organizations that provide resources on healthy development and well-being for youth in foster care.
Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act
Capacity Building Center for States
Provides resources to support the implementation of the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (P.L. 113-183) reasonable and prudent parent standard (RPPS). Resources on this web page include Having the Normalcy Conversation: A Guide for Discussing Developmentally Appropriate Services for Children, Youth, and Young Adults in Foster Care (PDF - 1,430 KB), a summary report from the White House Convening on Developmentally Appropriate Services for Children, Youth, and Young Adults in Foster Care (PDF - 364 KB), and a series of webinars about RPPS and normalcy. (Registration is required to access the webinars.)
Promoting Normalcy for Children and Youth in Foster Care (PDF - 2,081 KB)
Pokempner, J., Mordecai, K., Rosado, L., & Subrahmanyam, D. (2015)
Juvenile Law Center
Highlights the importance of promoting normalcy for children and youth in foster care and makes recommendations for State practices. The paper provides guidelines to States on implementing the core components of the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act of 2014.
What Young People Need to Thrive: Leveraging the Strengthening Families Act to Promote Normalcy (PDF - 1,849 KB)
Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative & The Annie E. Casey Foundation (2015)
Outlines the ideas and perspectives of young people in foster care, or have been in care, on how the child welfare system can provide more normal experiences for these youth.