The following resources provide information about the decision to place a child in out-of-home care to ensure his or her safety when an investigation finds the child has been seriously harmed or is at risk of harm.
Addressing the Underlying Issue of Poverty in Child-Neglect Cases
Children's Rights Litigation, 16(3)
Outlines the issue of mistaking poverty for neglect and highlights various States' approaches to addressing poverty in child maltreatment cases.
Challenges in Safety Intervention
Action for Child Protection
Provides resources related to child safety and intervention techniques, including information on foster care as a safety service and responding to present and impending danger.
The Child Placement Handbook: Research, Policy, and Practice
Schofield & Simmonds (2009)
Explores key issues relating to several placement options, including relative care, foster care for special populations, residential care, reunification, and adoption.
Knowledge Brief: How Well Is the Child Welfare System Serving Youths With Behavioral Problems? (PDF - 447 KB)
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (2011)
Highlights research on the effect of placing youth with behavioral problems in out-of-home care as well as implications for policy and practice.
Placement Patterns of American Indian Children Involved With Child Welfare: Findings From the Second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (PDF - 6,973 KB)
Maher, Clyde, Darnell, Landsverk, & Zhang (2015)
Casey Family Programs
Examines how the placement patterns of American Indian children in out-of-home care align with the preferences of placement outlined in the Indian Child Welfare Act.
Separation and Reunification: Using Attachment Theory and Research to Inform Decisions Affecting the Placements of Children in Foster Care
Goldsmith, Oppenheim, & Wanlass
Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 55(2), 2004
Describes recent developments in attachment theory and research and its usefulness for placement decisions.
Using Evidence to Accelerate the Safe and Effective Reduction of Congregate Care for Youth Involved With Child Welfare (PDF - 527 KB)
Chapin Hall & Chadwick Center (2016)
Highlights the steps necessary to reduce the use of congregate care as a needed placement, ensure youth are screened quickly and properly for mental health status, and broaden the scope of community-based treatment options for youth.