The following resources provide policies, strategies, and training on searching for relatives and kin connections for children in the child welfare system, including State and local examples.
Client Voices: Youth, Parent, and Relative Perspectives on Family Finding
Child Trends (2013)
Examines ways in which child welfare agencies can improve family finding services based on client perspectives of the process.
Family Connectedness FAQ's (PDF - 33 KB)
Answers frequently asked questions on family connectedness, including questions on defining the need for connectedness, perspective issues, using connectedness maps, and legal issues.
Finding Family on Facebook (PDF - 15,831 KB)
Bodner & Knapp (2011)
CW360°: A Comprehensive Look at a Prevalent Child Welfare Issue: Child Welfare and Technology
Summarizes a poll of 79 young people in foster care that explored how the Internet is being used to locate and reconnect family members who have been separated through foster care. Findings indicate 74 percent of the participants had used the Internet to search for a family member, and many reported restarting lost relationships and strengthening others.
Foster and Kinship Care Recruitment Campaign Literature Review (PDF - 542 KB)
McGuinness & Arney (2013)
Caring for Kids Consortium
Discusses key characteristics of kinship caregivers and foster parents, including pertinent decision making processes and how mass media campaigns contribute to recruitment efforts in Australia.
Kinship Process Mapping: A Guide to Improving Practice in Kinship Care
The Annie E. Casey Foundation (2013)
Discusses the use of kinship process mapping in child welfare agencies as a means of standardizing the kinship search process and utilizing kinship caregivers effectively.
Revitalizing Recruitment: Practical Strategies for Finding and Keeping Foster, Adoptive, and Kinship Homes (PDF - 10,107 KB)
New York State Office of Children and Family Services (2015)
Helps professionals navigate the challenges of finding foster and adoptive families who are equipped to meet the needs of children and youth entering foster care.
Unlocking "Reasonable Efforts": Kinship Is Key (PDF - 905 KB)
Wentz & Beck (2012)
Clearinghouse Review: Journal of Poverty Law and Policy, July/August Issue
Emphasizes that by using a focused family-finding and engagement model, every stakeholder involved in child welfare or the juvenile justice system can support efforts to identify, locate, and engage the family members of every child who has been removed from his or her home or is at risk of removal.
Voices from the Field: Stakeholder Perspectives on Family Finding
Child Trends (2014)
Provides child welfare practitioners an overview of the Family Finding model, an intensive search and engagement method that identifies family members or other adults connected to children in foster care. This brief discusses the importance of establishing permanent relationships for children in out-of-home care and the barriers that often prevent those relationships.
Resources on Diligent Search for Parents and Relatives (PDF - 786 KB)
Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Department for Community Based Services (2010)
Outlines the process used to identify and explore relatives as a potential placement for a child in out-of-home care. This resource also provides sample forms and letters.
Diligent Search Resources
Center for the Advancement of Child Welfare Practice
Provides forms and information for conducting a diligent search for relative caregivers of children in foster care in Florida.
Diligent Search Packet (PDF - 1,536 KB)
Statewide Adoption and Permanency Network (2013)
Assists Legal Services Initiative paralegals and caseworkers in county agencies throughout Pennsylvania with their diligent search requests. The packet illustrates each county's unique efforts and procedures in searching for parents or other possible placement resources for children.