These resources provide helpful information when assessing whether group or residential care would best meet the needs of a child or youth who cannot remain with his or her family. Resources include State and local examples.
Entry Into Restrictive Care Settings: Placements of Last Resort?
James, Landsverk, Leslie, Slymen, & Zhang (2008)
Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 89(3)
Examines children's first entry into restrictive care settings in out-of-home care and reviews how it affects children in results such as placement disruptions and behavior problems.
Prior Placements of Youth Admitted to Therapeutic Foster Care and Residential Treatment Centers: The Odyssey Project Population
Baker & Curtis (2006)
Child and Adolescent Social Work, 23(1)
Compares youth entering residential treatment centers and youth entering therapeutic foster care. The article addresses their prior placements, how they were treated in other systems of care, and how many placements they had. Results have implications for improving clinical practice and for the development of a cross-system perspective on serving troubled youth.
Residential Treatment Programs for Teens
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (2008)
Presents questions and recommendations for caregivers to consider when choosing private residential treatment programs for teens.
Advancing New Outcomes: Findings, Recommendations and Initial Actions of the West Virginia Commission to Study Residential Placements of Children
West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources (2006)
Discusses the activities, findings, and recommendations of the West Virginia Commission to Study Residential Placements of Children. Thirteen recommendations cover such issues as policy changes, workforce development, standards, and continued collaborative work.
Institutions vs. Foster Homes: The Empirical Base for a Century of Action (PDF - 285 KB)
Explores the history, role, and significance of institutionalized care for serving the needs of children and reviews the literature on various issues and outcomes associated with group or residential care. The author compares institutional care with foster care in terms of outcomes and costs.
Out-of-State Placement (OSP) Committee
New York State Council on Children and Families
Provides resources and information about New York's efforts to improve the monitoring of out-of-state residential placements, promote coordination across all levels of government, and establish a process for identifying and considering in-state resources prior to making an out-of-state placement.
Placement and Permanency Outcomes for Children in Out-of-Home Care by Prior Inpatient Mental Health Treatment
Park & Ryan (2009)
Research on Social Work Practice, 19(1)
Examines whether placement and permanency outcomes in Illinois differ between children with and without a history of inpatient mental health treatment.