Other planned permanent living arrangement (OPPLA), also known as another planned permanent living arrangement (APPLA), is a term created by the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 to replace the term "long-term foster care." With OPPLA, the child welfare agency maintains care and custody of the youth and arranges a living situation in which the youth is expected to remain until adulthood. OPPLA or APPLA is a permanency option only when other options such as reunification, relative placement, adoption, or legal guardianship have been ruled out.
Find information and resources about the use of OPPLA or APPLA as a permanency option for youth in foster care, including State and local examples.
A Better Path to Permanency for Children in Out-of-Home Care
Pine, Spath, Werrbach, Jenson, & Kerman (2009)
Children and Youth Services Review, 1(10)
Reports findings from a 5-year, comprehensive evaluation of a program based on principles and practices found to be most predictive of successful family reunification.
Facilitating Permanency for Youth: The Overuse of Long-Term Foster Care and the Appropriate Use of Another Planned Permanent Living Arrangement as Options for Youth in Foster Care
In Child Welfare for the Twenty-First Century: A Handbook of Practices, Policies, and Programs
Explores permanency issues for adolescents in foster care, particularly the overutilization of long-term foster care and when to use APPLA as a permanency goal for adolescents.
Mama S and Papa M: Making APPLAs Work for Youth
Fostering Families Today, 10(2)
Stresses the legal and moral obligations of a caseworker to make sure that a foster youth leaves care connected to a responsible adult, and explains how child welfare professionals can support APPLA for youth when other options are not pursued.
National Foster Care Month: Resources and Topics From an Older Youth Perspective
National Child Welfare Resource Center for Youth Development (2009)
Presents the older youth perspective on a number of foster care topics–including reunification, family finding, and postpermanency services–offered by young adult professionals with foster care experience, and provides resources that support that perspective.
Older Youth and Adoption: Adopting Teen-Friendly Practice
ABA Child Law Practice, 27(2)
Discusses barriers to older youth adoption and strategies children's attorneys can use to avoid common pitfalls and push child welfare agencies to identify adoptive resources and counsel youth on their options.
What Child Welfare Agencies in Regions III and IV Are Most Proud of: Mini Poster Presentations [Presentation Slides] (PDF - 1,344 KB)
Atlantic Coast Child Welfare Implementation Center (2009)
Describes innovative child welfare programs sponsored by States in the Administration for Children and Families' Regions III and IV, including Delaware's APPLA workgroup program and other States' programs for reducing out-of-home care, providing in-home support, implementing a multiple response system, and other innovations.
Q&A: What Is an APPLA?
ABA Center on Children & the Law (2005)
ABA Child Law Practice, 24(1)
Describes how APPLA differs from long-term foster care.
Ohio Children in Planned Permanent Living Arrangements: Trends and Outcomes (PDF - 201 KB)
Hornby Zeller Associates (2007)
Examines planned permanent living arrangements (PPLAs) and provides the legal context for sanctioning PPLAs. The publication also examines children in Ohio who have been in PPLA over the past 3 years to see how they got there and their outcomes.
Permanency for Children: Another Planned Permanent Living Arrangement Practice Bulletin (PDF - 368 KB)
Iowa Department of Human Services (2009)
Focuses on promoting practices that support appropriately selecting and achieving APPLA as a permanency goal and ways to best promote permanency for youth.
Casey Family Programs
Provides information and resources about two permanency roundtables projects, the Georgia Permanency Roundtable Project that focused primarily on children under a federal consent decree in Fulton and DeKalb counties and the Multi-Site Accelerated Permanency Project that focuses primarily on youth age 12 or older who have APPLA/OPLA as their case goal in eleven counties across Alabama, Colorado, Florida, and Ohio.