Resources and information about working with children in out-of-home care who are from minority groups, including State and local examples.
American Indian Children in Foster Care (PDF - 420 KB)
National Resource Center for Family-Centered Practice and Permanency Planning (2003)
Includes historical information on the treatment of American Indian children in the child welfare system, current facts on American Indian children in child welfare, best practice tips, model programs, and relevant websites.
Disproportionality Rates for Children of Color in Foster Care (Fiscal Year 2013) (PDF - 2,468 KB)
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Discusses the disproportionality rates for children of color in foster care and represents data from all 50 States, including fiscal year 2013 Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System data and 2013 U.S. Census Bureau population estimates. Comparisons between 2000 and 2013 disproportionality rates are included, and African-American and Native American disproportionality rates are illustrated in color-coded maps to demonstrate trends over time.
Indian Child Welfare Act: Existing Information on Implementation Issues Could Be Used to Target Guidance and Assistance to States: Report to Congressional Requesters (PDF - 2,804 KB)
U.S. Government Accountability Office (2005)
Examines the length of time that American Indian children spend in foster care and the effectiveness of Federal oversight activities to ensure compliance with the Indian Child Welfare Act.
Indian Child Welfare Act; Receipt of Designated Tribal Agents for Service of Notice (PDF - 270 KB)
Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior (2009)
Presents a Federal Register notice listing the Designated Tribal Agents for service of notice under the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 CFR 23.12.
Meeting the Challenges of Contemporary Foster Care
Chipungu & Bent-Goodley
Future of Children, 14(1), 2004
Discusses the current status of the foster care system, including issues of disproportionality. (PDF - 174 KB)
Black Children and Foster Care Placement in California
Needell, Brookhart, & Lee
Children and Youth Services Review, 25(5/6), 2003
Examines the possible role of race and ethnicity in decisions to remove children from their caregivers and place them in foster care following a substantiated allegation of maltreatment.