Resources in this section focus on findings from Child and Family Services Reviews (CFSRs) and State efforts to address areas needing improvement through their Program Improvement Plans (PIPs).
Assessing Promising Approaches in Child Welfare: Strategies for State Legislators (PDF - 195 KB)
Children's Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2007)
Provides information on how State legislators and legislative staff consider promising child welfare approaches as they relate to program improvements being made through the CFSRs.
Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (PDF - 328 KB)
Reviews recent trends regarding domestic violence in the CFSRs and presents strategies to help States develop effective PIPs to improve child and family outcomes in domestic violence cases.
Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) and Family Support Services (PDF - 88 KB)
FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention (2003)
Discusses how FRIENDS can help States identify family-centered and strengths-based approaches, tools, and practices that promote capacity-building when addressing the CFSR child and family well-being outcomes. It addresses key areas including data gathering methods, PIPs, engaging parents, and evaluating outcomes.
Child and Family Services Reviews 2001–2004: A Mental Health Analysis (PDF - 456 KB)
McCarthy, Van Buren, & Irvine (2007)
Analyzes mental health service delivery and management trends identified during the CFSRs, summarizes the mental health challenges and opportunities for reform across all States, and discusses issues for further study.
Federal Child and Family Services Reviews Aggregate Report Round 2 (PDF - 1,028 KB)
Children's Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2011)
Provides the compiled results and analysis of the Child and Family Services Reviews conducted in all States for 2007-2010.
A Review of Alcohol and Other Drug Issues in the States' Child and Family Services Reviews and Program Improvement Plans
National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare (2005)
Summarizes and charts substance abuse issues highlighted in States' CFSR reports. (PDF - 464 KB)
State Progress Toward Child Welfare Improvement: Findings From Fiscal Years 2007 and 2008 of the Child and Family Service Reviews (PDF - 441 KB)
National Conference of State Legislatures (2010)
Presents and discusses key findings of the first 32 States' reports in the second round of the Child and Family Services Reviews.
Supporting and Improving the Child Welfare Workforce: A Review of Program Improvement Plans (PIPs) and Recommendations for Strengthening the Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) (PDF - 136 KB)
Children's Defense Fund & Children's Rights (2006)
Describes the extent to which workforce issues have been identified and addressed by States in CFSRs and PIPs. The report includes Federal policy recommendations to improve the quality of the child welfare workforce and improve outcomes for children and families.
Training of Child Welfare Staff and Providers: Findings s the Child and Family Services Reviews
Milner & Hornsby
Protecting Children, 19, 2004
Identifies common problems States experienced with ongoing training during the CFSRs and offers suggestions for improvement regarding staff skills, development, and training evaluation.