Within certain guidelines, States may fund a variety of child welfare activities using TANF funds, including services for family reunification, parenting education, in-home family services, and crisis intervention.
Family and Preventative Services in Colorado (PDF - 400 KB)
Gardiner & Turner (2006)
Evaluates the types of family and preventative services offered to Colorado families in relation to welfare reform, including information on populations served and outcomes regarding out-of-home placements, parental involvement, child well-being, and youth connections.
How do Economic Downturns Affect Welfare Leavers? A Comparison of Two Cohorts
Children and Youth Services Review, 33(5), 2011
Investigates the employment of Wisconsin TANF leavers, contrasting outcomes among early leavers (1998) with those who left during the 2001 recession. Findings raise questions about how well single-parent families and their children fare during difficult economic times and when welfare reform has such a strong emphasis on work.
Online Services for Key Low-Income Benefit Programs: What States Provide Online With Respect to SNAP, TANF, Child Care Assistance, Medicaid, and CHIP (PDF - 938 KB)
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (2011)
Provides listings of benefit program availability in each State as well as links to each State's online information regarding the application process and eligibility.
Using TANF for Early Childhood Programs (PDF - 56 KB)
Center for Law and Social Policy (2006)
Outlines when and how States can use TANF funds to support early childhood programs, and examines the impact of TANF changes included in the 2006 Federal budget (called the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005) on this use.
Working Together for Children and Families: Where TANF and Child Welfare Meet
Berrick, Frame, Langs, & Varchol
Journal of Policy Practice, 5(2/3), 2006
Examines the link between family poverty and child maltreatment, and the policy levers that can be employed to inhibit or promote child and family well-being within the context of welfare reform. Reviews one State's experience with interorganizational collaboration between welfare and child welfare and the special challenges agencies face in attempting to streamline services.