Most cases of child sexual abuse are perpetrated by family members or caregivers who are known to the child. Additionally, although most perpetrators of sexual abuse are male, there are female perpetrators. This section provides resources regarding perpetrators of sexual abuse, including information specific to juvenile sex offenders and female sex offenders.
FAQs on Sex Offender Treatment
Stop It Now!
Provides answers to 10 frequently asked questions regarding treatment for individuals who have sexually abused a child. The webpage includes links to resources to find therapists who specialize in treating sexual behavior problems.
National Sex Offender Public Website
U.S. Department of Justice
Allows parents and concerned citizens to search existing public sex offender registries from States, Tries, and territories.
Who Are Perpetrators?
Mothers of Sexually Abused Children (2016)
Describes the various categories of perpetrators of child sexual abuse. The articles focus on the different emotional responses and decision-making processes that each offender category will elicit in the mother or caregiver of the child who has been sexually abused.
Multisystemic Therapy for Youth With Problem Sexual Behaviors (MST-PSB)
Provides a description of MST-PSB, links to research supporting the intervention, and a list of licensed programs by State offering the treatment.
National Center on the Sexual Behavior of Youth
Provides information for professionals, parents, and other caregivers on promoting healthy sexual development for children and youth. This webpage also provides resources on appropriate decision-making in response to any problematic sexual behaviors in youth.
Risk and Protective Factors for Recidivism Among Juveniles Who Have Offended Sexually
Spice, Viljoen, Latzman, Scalora, & Ullman (2013)
Sexual Abuse, 25(4)
Examines risk and protective factors among juveniles who have sexually offended and their relationships to both sexual and nonsexual recidivism.
Sex Offender Management Assessment and Planning Initiative: Juvenile Section
U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (2014)
Presents research regarding the developmental differences between juveniles and adults and how these differences should influence policy and practice concerning juveniles who commit sexual offenses.
The Assessment of Female Sexual Offenders (PDF - 281 KB)
Cortoni & Gannon (2014)
Presents criteria for the assessment of females who have committed sexual offences and of their likelihood of reoffending. It also provides information on their treatment needs.
Female Sexual Offenders
Cortoni (Ed.) (2015)
Sexual Abuse, 27(3)
Presents articles from a special issue on female sexual offenders. The issue covers topics such as the adverse childhood experiences of female sex offenders, comparisons between male and female sex offenders, comparisons between female sexual offenders who offend alone and those who co-offend, and others.