The long-term impact of child abuse and neglect (child maltreatment) can be profound and may endure long after the abuse or neglect occurs. Although, not all forms of abuse and neglect may cause visible injuries, the consequences for children, families, and society can last through generations. Effects can appear in childhood, adolescence, or adulthood and may affect various aspects of an individual's development (e.g., physical, psychological, behavioral,) and have societal consequences.
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016)
Presents background information on ACEs and links to studies, data, resources, and journal articles to educate parents and professionals about the relationship between ACEs and long-term consequences for children who experience them.
Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect
Peterson, Joseph, & Feit (Eds.) (2014)
In New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research
Explores topics related to the consequences of child abuse and neglect and reviews research surrounding neurobiological, cognitive, psychosocial, behavioral, and health domains. The chapter also examines outcomes specific to adolescence and adulthood and the economic burden of child abuse and neglect.
Developmental Trauma Disorder: The Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect
Defines developmental trauma disorder (DTD) and its relationship to posttraumatic stress disorder. The article discusses support and treatment options for victims of DTD.
Cahall & Widom (2014)
Child Abuse & Neglect, 38(8)
Examines the consequences of child abuse and neglect for emotion processing in adulthood. The study reveals that general deficits in emotion processing in maltreated children persist into adulthood and suggests that IQ may affect emotional processing deficits in victims of childhood maltreatment.