The following research studies and resources identify parent, child, family, and environmental risk factors associated with the recurrence of child abuse and neglect.
Abuse Type and Substantiation Status Varying by Recurrence
Bae, Solomon, & Gelles
Children and Youth Services Review, 29(7), 2007
Examines risk factors for the recurrence of child maltreatment and the likelihood of recurrence for different types of abuse.
Child Safety at Reunification: A Case-Control Study of Maltreatment Recurrence Following Return Home From Substitute Care
Children and Youth Services Review, 27(12), 2005
Identifies child, caregiver, placement, family environment, and service provision factors that predict maltreatment recurrence within 60 days among families with children returning home from their first stay in foster care.
Information Packet: Repeat Maltreatment (PDF - 90 KB)
Includes research findings on notable predictive factors surrounding re-reporting to child protective services.
Maltreatment Following Reunification: Predictors of Subsequent Child Protective Services Contact After Children Return Home
Connell, Vanderploeg, Katz, Caron, Saunders, & Tebes
Child Abuse and Neglect: The International Journal, 33(4), 2009
Identifies previous foster care placement, exiting care from a non-relative foster home, and removal due to neglect as factors that lead to increased risk for recurrence of abuse.
Multiple Child Maltreatment Recurrence Relative to Single Recurrence and No Recurrence
Bae, Solomon & Gelles
Children and Youth Services Review, 31(6), 2009
Examines risk factors of multiple child maltreatment recurrence, including victim age, family size, caregiver relationship, reporter type, contact with child welfare workers, intensity of investigation level, and services received.
Predicting and Minimizing the Recurrence of Maltreatment Literature Review (PDF - 462 KB)
Honomichl & Brooks (2009)
Explores the factors that predict repeated episodes of abuse or neglect and factors and practices that may limit the potential for recurrence of maltreatment.
Re-Referral to Child Protective Services: The Influence of Child, Family, and Case Characteristics on Risk Status
Connell, Bergeron, Katz, Saunders, & Tebes
Child Abuse and Neglect, 31(5), 2007
Presents child, family, and case characteristics that impact rates of re-referral to child protective services during the first 6 months after case disposition. They study found families facing multiple stressors were at highest risk of re-referral.
Risk Factors for Recurrence of Maltreatment: A Systematic Review
Hindley, Ramchandani, & Jones
Archives of Disease in Childhood, 91(9), 2006
Synthesizes research from 16 studies investigating risk factors associated with substantiated maltreatment recurrence. The four factors most consistently identified as predicting future maltreatment were number of previous episodes of maltreatment, neglect, parental conflict, and parental mental health problems.
Risk Factors for the Recurrence of Substantiated Abuse or Neglect (PDF - 161 KB)
Consultation Center of the Yale University School of Medicine (2004)
Uses data from the Rhode Island Children's Information System to examine the prevalence of child maltreatment recurrence and child, family, and case characteristics that heightened the risk for maltreatment recurrence.
The Use of Risk Assessment to Predict Recurrent Maltreatment: A Classification and Regression Tree Analysis (CART)
Sledjeski, Dierker, Brigham, & Breslin
Prevention Science, 9(1), 2008
Examines types of approaches to studying risk factors that predict the recurrence of maltreatment.