Children of color represent the largest share of children waiting to be adopted. However, the race and ethnicity of children who are waiting in particular regions or States may vary significantly. In some States, for example, American Indian children are disproportionately represented. Children adopted from other countries will need to adapt to a different culture and may be of a different race than their adoptive parents. Find resources in this section related to the adoption of children of color and on transracial or transcultural adoption.
Articles: Transracial Adoption/Interracial Adoption
Pact, An Adoption Alliance
Provides a selection of articles addressing issues of racial identity in adoption.
Adoption Learning Partners (2018)
Presents an online course for adoptive families who are involved in, or considering adoption of, a child of a different race or ethnicity.
The Adoption History Project
Examines transracial adoption from a historical perspective.
Transracial Adoption: It Will Change Your Family Forever (PDF - 40 KB)
Infertility and Adoption Counseling Center (2018)
Explores the adoption of children of color by White parents and offers strategies adoptive families can use to best meet the needs of those adopted transracially.
Transracial Parenting in Foster Care and Adoption: Strengthening Your Bicultural Family (PDF - 510 KB)
Iowa Foster and Adoptive Parents Association
Provides tips for parents and children in transracial homes to help them thrive and celebrate their bicultural families and tips for children to gain a strong sense of racial identity and cultural connections.
North American Council on Adoptable Children (NACAC)
Discusses the role of race in adopted people's lives and ways to help parents build their children's sense of racial and cultural identity.