There are no national statistics on the number of children who are living in transracial adoptions; that is, children who are living in an adoptive family in which they differ from at least one of their adoptive parents in terms of racial/ethnic characteristics. In statistics drawn from FY 2000–2004, about 28 percent of the children placed with public agency involvement were placed transracially, as defined above. Many intercountry adoptions are also transracial adoptions. Families parenting children of a different race have unique challenges. Find resources in this section to help families after transracial adoption.
Articles: Transracial Adoption/Interracial Adoption
Pact, An Adoption Alliance
Provides a selection of articles addressing issues of racial identity in adoption.
The Color of Life
Adoptive Families Magazine
Links to a range of resources on transracial adoption, including books, articles, and websites.
Conspicuous Families: Race, Culture and Adoption
Adoption Learning Partners
Presents an online course for families who are considering adopting or who have adopted a child of a different race or ethnicity.
Culture and Heritage Events
Adoptive Families Magazine
Lists adoption events and camps by ethnicity and culture.
Provides information for parents about how to care for and style African-American hair.
How Cultures Blend in Adoptive Families
Families Adopting in Response
Discusses how cultures blend in adoptive families.
How Loss of Culture, Ethnicity, Religion and Heritage Can Affect Children in Foster Care
Krebs, Singer, & Marshall (2009)
Discusses how these losses affect children adopted from foster care, and gives parents information to help children who are trying to cope.
MN ASAP Family Voices (PDF - 573 KB)
Minnesota Adoption Support and Preservation, Summer 2007
Focuses nine articles in this journal's issue about connecting children adopted transracially to their culture and ethnicity.
New York State Citizens' Coalition for Children
Includes personal essays, online resources, videos, and more on transracial and transcultural adoption and foster care as well as an "ask the experts" section.
Transracial Adoption: It Will Change Your Family Forever (PDF - 40 KB)
Infertility and Adoption Counseling Center (2008)
Explores the adoption of children of color by white parents and offers strategies adoptive families can use to meet the needs of their transracial adopted people.
Transracial Parenting in Foster Care and Adoption: Strengthening Your Bicultural Family (PDF - 510 KB)
Iowa Foster and Adoptive Parents Association
Provides tips for parents and children in transracial homes to help them thrive, celebrate their bicultural family, and for children to strengthen racial identity and cultural connections.
North American Council on Adoptable Children
Discusses the role of race in adopted people's lives as well as ways parents can build their children's sense of racial and cultural identity.