Money is often exchanged for adoption services, and when money is involved, it is crucial for professionals to engage in ethical business practices so that money is not used to influence adoption decision-making. In this section find resources related to ethics and adoption financing.
The Baby Business
Explores the complex dynamics of intercountry adoption and how large sums of money have led to corruption adoption practices in many countries from which Americans adopt. Also available: Experts Respond to "The Baby Business"
Infant Adoption Is Big Business in America (PDF - 117 KB)
Explores the financial dynamics of adopting an infant through a private agency in the United States. The author argues that adoption of newborns in the United States serves the needs of affluent adopters rather than the best interests of the child.
Legal Issues and Financial Aspects of Adoption
Henry & Pollack (2008)
In Adoption in the United States: A Reference for Families, Professionals and Students
Reviews the financial and legal issues that parents and professionals may face during the adoption process.
Think Race Doesn't Matter? Then Why the Difference in Adoption Fees Based on the Child's Race?
Discusses the practice of basing private agency infant adoption fees on the race of the adoptive child.
The Stork Market: America's Multi-Billion Dollar Unregulated Adoption Industry
Explores unethical adoption policies and practices in the United States. It begins by discussing the history of adoption in America, adoption reform, and the history of corruption in adoption.
When Children Become Commodities: Fees at Private Adoption Services Often Based on Race of the Adopted Child
UNC School of Law (2010)
Discusses the impact of race of the adoptive child on some private agency infant adoption fees.
Who Cares if People Are Exploited by Adoption?
American Adoption Congress (2007)
Explores how the financial dynamics of adoption can lead to exploitation.