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Youth Involved With Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare
Resources and information about serving youth who are involved in both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems, sometimes also known as cross-over, joint cases, dual-system served, or multi-system involved youth. Includes State and local examples.
The Center for Juvenile Justice Reform
Designed to support public agency leaders within the juvenile justice and related systems of care. In partnership with the Casey Family Programs, the Center is implementing a practice model for working with crossover youth around the country.
Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare (PDF - 93 KB)
National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections (2009)
Emphasizes the value of an effective collaboration between the child welfare and juvenile justice systems in an effort to achieve best outcomes for youth in care.
ABA Calls for Reform in Child Welfare/Delinquency "Crossover" Cases
ABA Child Law Practice 27(2), 2008
Discusses the prevalence of youth in foster care that are also involved in the juvenile justice system and offers strategies to address dual jurisdiction, caregiver connection, and continuing child welfare system involvement.
Addressing the Needs of Multi-System Youth: Strengthening the Connection between Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice (PDF - 2580 KB)
The Center for Juvenile Justice Reform & Robert F. Kennedy Children's Action Corps (2011)
Provides communities with a consolidated framework for serving crossover youth that incorporates the most up-to-date research, lessons from ongoing reform efforts, and an innovative collaborative management structure.
Addressing the Needs of Youth Known to Both the Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems
(PDF - 3976 KB)
National Center for State Courts (2010)
Discusses innovative practices courts can implement to serve children who come to their attention through multiple systems and reduce the risk of youth's involvement with the juvenile justice system.
Bridging Two Worlds: Youth Involved in the Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems: A Policy Guide for Improving Outcomes (PDF – 175,514 KB)
Center for Juvenile Justice Reform & American Public Human Services Association (2008)
Outlines options for formal policy development and implementation at the Federal, Tribal, State, and local levels on behalf of youth who cross over from child welfare to juvenile justice or from juvenile justice to the child welfare system.
Collaboration Is Key to Improving Responses to Crossover Youth (PDF - 2334 KB)
Juvenile and Family Justice Today, Spring 2010
Emphasizes the importance of a unified response by the dependency and juvenile justice systems and presents a promising practice model of agency/court collaboration benefiting crossover youth in Pima County, AZ.
Crossover Cases: Children and Youth Involved in the Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems
Judges' Page Newsletter, March 2010
Provides a review of issues and challenges central to the management of crossover cases, calling attention to the need for collaboration and coordination among public agencies, attorneys, judges, and CASA volunteers.
Juvenile Justice Division
Child Welfare League of America
Underlines the connection between child maltreatment and juvenile delinquency and supports the implementation of innovative programs and practices through systems integration, collaboration, and reform.
State and local examples
Permanency Through Collaboration Between Delinquency and Dependency Courts (PDF - 882KB)
Pendleton & Green
Child CourtWorks, 10(2), 2008
Describes efforts in Idaho to bridge the gap between child welfare and juvenile justice proceedings to address cases pending simultaneously in both systems and presents the perspectives of an Idaho judge and a court improvement director on dual-issue cases and a dual-issue system approach.
The Degree of Difference for the Dual Adjudicated Minor in Utah (PDF - 18124 KB)
Institute for Court Management & Court Executive Development Program (2008)
Discusses a research project focused on a comparison between dual-adjudicated and delinquency-only minors and highlights factors influencing case outcomes.
Crossover Youth (PDF - 148 KB)
Janku & Yan (2010)
State of Missouri Office of State Courts Administrator, Research Brief No. 31
Utilizes research findings to define individual and systemic needs of crossover youth in contrast with other youth who come in contact with the juvenile justice system and recommends integrated agency approaches to working with the crossover population.
Doorways to Delinquency: Multi-System Involvement of Delinquent Youth in King County (PDF - 353 KB)
National Center for Juvenile Justice (2011)
Highlights findings from a study that examines the prevalence of multisystem involvement among youth referred to the King County Juvenile Court on delinquency matters in 2006. Poorer juvenile justice outcomes were associated with youth who had more extensive child welfare system involvement.