Use of Psychotropic Medications: Research and Reports
Research and reports regarding considerations for appropriate use and oversight of psychotropic medications, with a particular focus on children and youth in foster care.
Interstate Variation in Trends of Psychotropic Medication Use Among Medicaid-Enrolled Children in Foster Care
Rubin, Matone, Huang, dosReis, Feudtner, & Localio
Children and Youth Services Review, 34(6), 2012
Reports national and State-specific trends in the use of psychotropic medications among children in foster care from 2002 to 2007. A Research At-A-Glance (PDF - 1843 KB) brief that provides an overview of the study and interactive Data Maps that provide State and national trends for polypharmacy and antipsychotic mediation use among children in foster care (2002-2007) are also available.
An Advocate's Guide to the Use of Psychotropic Medications in Children and Adolescents (PDF - 51 KB)
ABA Child Law Practice, 25(6), 2006
Discusses the types of disorders treated by psychotropic medication, considerations that need to be addressed before deciding whether the medications should be used, informed consent issues, and questions that should be asked by attorneys, guardians ad litem, and judges.
Antipsychotic Medication Use in Medicaid Children and Adolescents: Report and Resource Guide From a 16-State Study
Medicaid Medical Directors Learning Network & Rutgers Center for Education and Research on Mental Health Therapeutics (2010)
Discusses a collaborative project that examines the use of antipsychotic medications for children and adolescents enrolled in Medicaid.
CWLA Standards of Excellence for Health Care Services for Children in Out-of-Home Care, Revised Edition
Child Welfare League of America (2007)
Describes best practices for the planning, provision, and evaluation of health care services for children in out-of-home care.
Drugs, Supplements, and Herbal Information
National Library of Medicine & National Institutes of Health (2007)
An A-Z index of drugs and supplements.
Mental Health Medications for Children: A Primer
Brown, Carpenter, Arnstein, & Simerly (2005)
Provides information on psychotropic medications that are frequently prescribed to manage children's behavior and enhance learning and academic performance. Designed for school psychologists and other members of the school-based treatment team.
Multi-State Study on Psychotropic Medication Oversight in Foster Care (PDF - 283 KB)
Leslie, Mackie, Dawson, Bellonci, Schoonover, Rodday, et al. (2010)
Identifies the States that have policies or written guidelines regarding psychotropic medication oversight for youth in foster care and describes challenges and innovative solutions implemented by States. Also see the Study Appendix (PDF - 254 KB) for State tools and resources.
|Psychotropic Medication and Children in Foster Care: Tips for Advocates and Judges.|
|Author(s):||ABA Center on Children and the Law.
|Availability:||Download (PDF - 1,065KB)
|Year Published:||2011 - 36 pages|
|Addresses common child and adolescent mental health diagnoses and presents a multimodal approach to managing mental health disorders for children and youth in foster care. The benefits, drawbacks, and side effects of psychotropic medications are discussed and presented in a table. Recommendations for best practice are listed, and questions that judges and advocates should ask about medication use with children in foster care are included.|
Psychotropic Medication Use by Children in Child Welfare (PDF - 260 KB)
Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families
National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being Research Brief, 17, 2012
Examines psychotropic medication use across in-home and a variety of foster care placements for children involved with the child welfare system. Using data from NSCAW, this research brief explores the rates of psychotropic medication use by age among children living in-home and in foster care settings following a report of child abuse or neglect; the rates of antipsychotic medication use by preschoolers, school-aged children, and adolescents involved with child welfare; and types of behavioral services received by children involved with child welfare, including but not limited to psychotropic medications.
Should You Medicate Your Child's Mind?: A Child Psychiatrist Makes Sense of Whether to Give Kids Psychiatric Medication
Explains the benefits and risks of medicating and not medicating children diagnosed with different emotional and behavioral disorders. Includes strategies for managing behavior problems and for parenting children with mental illnesses.
Use of Psychotropic Medications for Children in the Child Welfare System [Teleconference]
National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections (2006)
Examines the impact of psychotropic medications on children and families involved with the child welfare system. Part 2 of this teleconference series is also available.