Well-Being of Immigrant Children and Youth
Migration often involves the separation of families and changed roles within families. It can be a traumatic experience that affects children and youth's sense of well-being. Find resources in this section related to trauma and well-being of immigrant children and youth.
Immigrant Services Directory: A National Guide of Service Providers (PDF - 6,226 KB)
American Civil Liberties Union Foundation's Immigrants' Rights Project (2nd ed.)(2010)
Includes over 400 organizations from all 50 States. The directory has information about each organization regarding the services provided, the area and detention facilities served, non–English language services, and other relevant information.
Living in the United States: A Guide for Immigrant Youth (PDF - 2,038 KB)
Immigrant Legal Resource Center (2007)
Explains the immigration laws for immigrant youth in an easy-to-read format. It also discusses the differences in legal rights and restrictions for a U.S. citizen, a green card holder, and an undocumented person.
Adapting Trauma Interventions for Refugee Families (PDF - 543 KB)
Gewirtz, Mohammad, Orieny, & Yaylaci
The Dialogue, 7(2), 2011
Discusses how children may be impacted by the traumas of their refugee parents and how evidence-based parent training intervention can improve parenting. The article describes a Minneapolis–St. Paul program that has been working with Somali and Oromo mothers to modify and pilot the Parenting Through Change program.
Children in Immigrant Families: Essential to America's Future (PDF - 2,980 KB)
Hernandez & Napierala (2012)
Foundation for Child Development
Compares the well-being of children in immigrant families to children with U.S.-born parents and finds significant gaps in income, education, and health.
Culture and Trauma (PDF - 1,341 KB)
National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Impact, Spring 2012
Highlights work being done to address the cultural dimensions of trauma at the individual level, including both the client and practitioner; the organization or system level; and the broader community level. One of the articles addresses a program that provides bilingual and bicultural services to traumatized Spanish-speaking immigrant families.
Facing Our Future: Children in the Aftermath of Immigration Enforcement (PDF - 1,229 KB)
Chaudry, Capps, Pedroza, Castañeda, Santos, & Scott (2010)
The Urban Institute
Examines the consequences of parental arrest, detention, and deportation. This report provides recommendations for stakeholders to mitigate the harmful effects of immigration enforcement on children
Halfway Home: Unaccompanied Children in Immigration Custody (PDF - 2,488 KB)
Women's Refugee Commission & Orrick, Herrington and Sutcliffe (2009)
Provides an overview of what life is like for children in the Division of Unaccompanied Children's Services (DUCS), Border Patrol, and Office of Refugee Resettlement, Immigration and Customs Enforcement custody. Findings indicate that the treatment of most unaccompanied children has greatly improved with the transfer of custody to DUCS. DUCS has made significant improvements in the quality of medical care, has identified children in need of protection, and has created a mechanism to better ensure that children are released to safe environments.
In the Child's Best Interest? The Consequences of Losing a Lawful Immigrant Parent to Deportation (PDF - 587 KB)
Baum, Jones, & Barry (2010)
University of California, Berkley and Davis Schools of Law
Examines the experiences of U.S. citizen children impacted by the deportation of their lawful permanent resident parents and proposes ways to reform U.S. law consistent with domestic and international standards aimed to improve the lives of children.
Latino Cultural Guide: Building Capacity to Strengthen the Well-Being of Immigrant Families and Their Children: A Prevention Strategy (PDF - 175 KB)
Center for the Advanced Studies in Child Welfare (2010)
Highlights characteristics that are important to understanding Latino culture and family dynamics.
Options for Undocumented Youth
Juvenile Law Reader, 9(5), 2012
View Abstract and Document
Reviews strategies undocumented youth can use to obtain legal status, including gaining Special Immigration Juvenile Status, asylum, a T-Visa, a U-Visa, and filing a Violence Against Women Act petition.
Practice Prompt: Children in Immigrant and Refugee Families: Recognizing Developmental Risk at an Early Age (PDF - 545 KB)
Center for the Advanced Studies in Child Welfare (2010)
Reviews normative child development from ages 9 months to 4 years and signs that require an immediate evaluation in order to assist in the early identification of children in immigrant families who may be at risk for developmental delays.
Serving Immigrant and Refugee Families in the Child Welfare System (PDF - 381 KB)
Wisconsin Department of Children and Families (2010)
Shares recommendations from the Workgroup on Safety and Well-Being for Immigrant and Refugee Children and Families for the development of policy, programs, and educational services needed to serve Wisconsin's immigrant and refugee population. Appendices include a discussion of language access issues affecting services to children and families.
Supporting Refugee Families: Adapting Family Strengthening Programs That Build on Assets (PDF - 93 KB)
Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services (2010)
Provides resources and suggestions for choosing evidence-based family strengthening programs for use with refugee populations. This resource also describes programs that have successfully adapted national family strengthening programs to refugees.
Trauma Informed Care for Children Exposed to Violence: Tips for Agencies Working With Immigrant Families (PDF - 1,382 KB)
Safe Start Center (2011)
Explains the impact exposure to violence may have on children, the harm that can result if they do not receive support to help them cope and heal, and the role of service providers in effectively responding to immigrant families and children exposed to violence.
Well-Being and Immigrant Families: The Intersection of Migration and Child Welfare (PDF - 5,489 KB)
Velazquez, Dettlaff, Mindell, & Bruce (2008)
Addresses practice, program, and policy issues in an effort to support child welfare professionals in their work with immigrant children and families. This presentation also identifies emerging issues that impact child and family well-being and how they affect established systems of protection and care.