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Impact of Historical Trauma
Historical trauma refers to the long-lasting impact that violence against American Indians over the centuries has had—and continues to have—on many individuals, families and Tribes how this trauma manifests itself in mental health issues.
Exposing and Repairing the Devastation Caused by the Indian Adoption Project
National Resource Center for Tribes
Describes the lasting impact of the Indian Adoption Project, during which American Indian children were systematically removed from their families and placed in non-Indian adoptive homes. The article recounts the personal experiences of several American Indian adults who were adopted, and addresses ways that affected communities and individuals can begin healing.
Trauma Exposure in American Indian/Alaska Native Children (PDF - 139 KB)
Indian Country Child Trauma Center (2008)
Documents the incidence, types, and impact of trauma on American Indian and Alaska Native children by providing statistics on poverty, victimization, mental health, and more.