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Native American Youth Depression and Suicide
The disempowerment and oppression of American Indians and Alaska Natives, historical trauma and adverse childhood experiences have contributed to high rates of depression, other mental illness as well as high rates of suicide, among Tribal youth. Find resources in this section addressing this phenomenon and offering prevention strategies.
An American Indian/Alaska Native Suicide Prevention Hotline: Literature Review and Discussion With Experts (PDF - 242 KB)
Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
Provides a literature review of American Indian and Alaska Native suicide and looks at the efficacy of suicide hotlines and telephone discussions with a small sample of persons working in the area of Tribal suicide prevention.
Ensuring the Seventh Generation: A Youth Suicide Prevention Toolkit for Tribal Child Welfare Programs (PDF - 2102 KB)
Cross, Morton, Clyde, Alberty, & Horne (2009)
National Indian Child Welfare Association
Educates Tribal child welfare workers on the warning signs of suicide, risk and protective factors, suicide prevention and intervention methods, and circumstances that require workers to seek professional mental health services.
Fast Facts on Native American Youth and Indian Country (PDF - 457 KB)
Aspen Institute, Center for Native American Youth (2011)
Includes general information, details on Federal services for Native Americans, challenges in Indian Country, and statistics on Native American youth.
Indian Country Child Trauma Center
Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration, National Child Traumatic Stress Initiative
Provides information on treatment protocols, outreach materials, and service delivery guidelines specifically designed for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children and their families.
National Native Children's Trauma Center
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Child Traumatic Stress Initiative
Provides national expertise on childhood trauma among American Indian and Alaska Native children.
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Indian Health Service
Provides immediate assistance to individuals in suicidal crisis by connecting them to the nearest available crisis center in their area.
Suicide Prevention Resource Center: American Indian / Alaska Native Suicide Prevention
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Serves as a link between community resources and best practices in suicide prevention, especially culturally appropriate practices that may reduce risk and increase protective factors among Tribal members.
To Live to See the Great Day That Dawns: Preventing Suicide by American Indian and Alaska Native Youth and Young Adults (PDF – 7,076 KB)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2010)
Provides a guide to suicide prevention among American Indian and Alaska Native communities by promoting effective and culturally appropriate suicide prevention plans. Chapters cover breaking the silence around suicide, responding to suicide, community responsiveness, models of effective suicide prevention, and Federal resources for prevention programs.
The Tragedy of Native American Youth Suicide (PDF - 29 KB)
Psychological Services, 7(3), 2010
Describes how the Federal Government has responded to the high suicide rate crisis among Native American youth, what the barriers have been, and what is needed in the future from multiple sectors to ensure that the health-care system is responsive.