The history of the treatment of Tribes is replete with examples of violence, displacement, and forced assimilation, all of which have contributed to historical trauma for many individuals. The historical trauma of being disconnected from their Tribal roots has contributed to the mental health, substance abuse, and domestic violence issues still of concern among many American Indian communities. Find resources in this section related to mental health concerns, historical trauma, suicide, substance abuse, and domestic violence as it relates to American Indian children and families.
American Indian and Alaska Natives Communities Mental Health Facts (PDF - 100 KB)
National Alliance on Mental Illness (2007)
Provides mental health facts specific to the American Indian and Alaska Natives population, including cultural differences in the propensity to seek help, suicide rates, and the impact of living in a stressful environment.
American Indian Resources
National Alliance on Mental Illness
Provides resources including factsheets, organizations, and manuals related to promoting mental health in the American Indian community.
Circles of Care: Creating Models of Care for American Indian and Alaska Native Youth (PDF - 4,925 KB)
SAMHSA News, 18(6), 2010
Describes the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA's) grant program, Circles of Care, which develops culturally appropriate interventions to serve youth with serious behavioral health challenges.
Creating a System of Care for Children's Mental Health in a Native American Community
Werrbach, Withers, & Neptune
Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 90(1), 2009
Describes the creation of a system of care in children's mental health by the Passamaquoddy Tribe. The Tribe's Kmihqitahasultipon system of care shows promise for improving aspects of child, family, and community well-being.
CultureCard: A Guide to Build Cultural Awareness: American Indian and Alaska Native (PDF - 1,065 KB)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2009)
Addresses American Indian and Alaska Native history, culture, myths, spirituality, Tribal sovereignty, and more. This brochure offers basic information for Federal disaster responders and other service providers who may be assigned to provide or coordinate services in American Indian/Alaska Native communities.
Cultural Diversity Series: Meeting the Mental Health Needs of American Indians and Alaska Natives (PDF - 487 KB)
Highlights the mental health needs of American Indians and Alaska Natives, describes the service ecologies that have emerged to address these needs, and discusses Native peoples' access to and use of mental health services. The report concludes with a discussion of innovative practices for the care of American Indians and Alaska Natives and lessons learned.
Fast Facts on Native American Youth and Indian Country (PDF - 457 KB)
Aspen Institute, Center for Native American Youth (2011)
Includes general information, details on Federal services for Native Americans, challenges in Indian Country, and statistics on Native American youth.
Reported Health and Health-Influencing Behaviors Among Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives: An Analysis of Data Collected by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (PDF - 622 KB)
Urban Indian Health Institute (2008)
Reports on data gathered on American Indians and Alaska Natives within a broad range of health-related issues.