Tribal, State, and Local Examples
Find examples of legal and judicial issues impacting child welfare work with American Indians and Alaska Natives.
Active Efforts Principles and Expectations (PDF - 1639 KB)
Oregon Tribes, Oregon Judicial Department Citizen Review Board, & Oregon Department of Human Services (2010)
Provides guidelines for Oregon courts, Department of Human Services, and local citizen review boards to use in evaluating whether active efforts have been made in child welfare cases that involve the potential removal of an Indian child from his or her parent or Indian custodian.
A Guide to Compliance With the Federal Indian Child Welfare Act In New York State (PDF - 77 KB)
New York Office of Children and Family Services (2006)
Explains provisions of the Federal Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) and New York State statutory and regulatory requirements for implementation.
Final Report of the Committee to Study State Compliance With the Federal Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (PDF - 52 KB)
State of Maine, 122nd Legislature (2006)
Discusses the findings of the Maine Committee to Study State Compliance with the Federal Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) of 1978 and presents recommendations regarding training, outreach, and successful models.
Interview With Abby Abinanti, Chief Judge, Yurok Tribal Court, Klamath, CA, and
California Superior Court Commissioner (PDF - 66 KB)
Center for Court Innovation (2009)
Provides insight into the inner workings of a Tribal court.
Pennsylvania Indian Child Welfare Handbook (PDF - 1212 KB)
Pennsylvania Child Welfare Training Program (2006)
Discusses the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) and what it requires of county children and youth agencies and private providers throughout Pennsylvania. The handbook provides historical context for the passage of ICWA, details the major requirements of the act, includes cultural considerations for agency staff when practicing Indian child welfare work, and provides hearing checklists and Tribal contact information.
Tribal Court Benchbook (PDF – 424 KB)
Idaho State Judiciary (2005)
Provides an example of Idaho's quick reference guide to Tribal courts for State and Tribal judges, attorneys, and the public.
Wisconsin Indian Child Welfare Act Desk Aid (PDF - 303 KB)
Wisconsin Department of Children and Families (2010)
Provides a basic guideline for implementation of the Wisconsin Indian Child Welfare Act (WICWA).