Presents data on disproportionality or approaches to calculating disproportionality rates, including State and local examples.
Information Packet: Racial Disproportionality in Child Welfare (PDF - 89 KB)
National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections (2009)
Provides data and statistics on the disproportionate number of children from minority backgrounds in the child welfare system and the disparate outcomes experienced by the children.
Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4): Supplementary Analyses of Race Differences in Child Maltreatment Rates in the NIS-4 (PDF - 3,572 KB)
Sedlak, McPherson, & Das (2010)
Explains why the NIS-4 results diverged from findings in earlier cycles by using multifactor logistic modeling to reanalyze the NIS-4 data in order to isolate whether and how race contributed to maltreatment risk independently of the other important risk factors that correlated with race.
Children Ever in Care: An Examination of Cumulative Disproportionality
Magruder & Shaw
Child Welfare, 87(2), 2008
Examines ethnic disproportionality in the child welfare system during the first 7 years of life by reviewing initial and substantiated referrals and first entries.
Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System: The Disproportionate Representation of Children of Color in Foster Care (PDF - 72 KB)
Casey Family Programs
Provides data as it refers to the extent to which children are over- or underrepresented in the child welfare system relative to their proportions in the census population.
Disproportionate Representation of African-American Children in Foster Care: Secondary Analysis of the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System, 2005
Knott & Donovan
Children and Youth Services Review, 32(5), 2010
Examines the association between foster care placement and the association of African-American children residing in foster care while controlling for child, caregiver, household, and abuse characteristics.
State and local examples
Disproportionality and Disparities in Oregon's Child Welfare System: County Level Analysis of Administrative Data: Multnomah County: A Report to the Oregon Child Welfare Equity Task Force (PDF - 87 KB)
Oregon Child Welfare Equity Task Force (2009)
Analyzes nine key decision points in the child welfare system in Multnomah County, Oregon, in order to investigate disproportionality and racial disparities.
Positive Outcomes for All: Using An Institutional Analysis to Identify and Address African American Children's Low Reunification Rates and Long-Term Stays in Fresno County's Foster Care System (PDF - 893 KB)
Center for the Study of Social Policy (2010)
Presents a study by the Fresno County, California, Department of Social Services that sought to understand and address organizational and structural contributors to poor outcomes for African-American children and families involved in the child welfare, juvenile justice, and other systems.
Racial Disproportionality and the District of Columbia Child Welfare System: The Latino Community at a Glance
District of Columbia Child and Family Services Agency (2009)
Reviews data from the District's State Administered Child Welfare Information System (SACWIS), explores factors related to disproportionality in child welfare, and shares results from a study that included two key Latino community-based organizations.
What We Know about Racial Disproportionality and Disparity in Oregon's Child Welfare System: Decision Point Analysis Qualitative Report (PDF - 230 KB)
The Child Welfare Partnership, Portland State University School of Social Work (2010)
Provides information about the existence, extent, and specific locations of racial and ethnic disproportionality and disparity in Oregon's child welfare system.