Resources and information about attorneys' roles in representing parents in child abuse and neglect cases, including:
Practice Tips for Representing Parents in Child Protection Cases (PDF - 1160 KB)
American Bar Association, Children's Rights Litigation Committee
Children's Rights, 12(3), 2010
Discusses challenges parents face in abuse and neglect cases and provides tips for case planning, case strategy, and discovery and advancing when representing parents.
Representing Parents in Child Welfare Cases: A Basic Introduction for Attorneys (PDF - 20,600 KB)
Rauber, Granik, & Laver (Eds.) (2000)
Introduction to the legal representation of parents during child protection proceedings.
Summary of Parent Representation Models (PDF - 133 KB)
ABA Center on Children and the Law (2009)
Discusses the different types of parent representation models States use and how they can be improved for parents. Types of models include institutional parent representation organizations, contract or panel systems of representation, hybrid State or county parent representation offices and contract/panel systems.
Representing substance abusing parents
Effective Management of Parental Substance Abuse in Dependency Cases (PDF - 212 KB)
Milliken & Rippel
The Journal of the Center for Families, Children & the Courts, 5, 2004
Proposes that effective case management and immediate treatment for substance-abusing parents can improve outcomes for children who entered the dependency system because of their parents' drug and alcohol problems.
Framework and Policy Tools for Improving Linkages Between Alcohol and Drug Services, Child Welfare Services and Dependency Courts (PDF - 577 KB)
National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare, U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, & Children and Family Futures (2003)
Describes a 10-element assessment framework to assess linkages between alcohol and drug agencies, child welfare services, and dependency courts.
The Impact of Parental Substance Abuse in Dependency Cases (PDF - 811 KB)
Judges' Page Newsletter, February 2005
Recommends that courts promptly screen and assess parents and children, identify their needs, and provide rehabilitative treatment services appropriate to meet the needs.
State and local examples
A Hidden Crisis: The Need to Strengthen Representation of Parents in Child Protective Proceedings (PDF - 453 KB)
Michigan Law Journal, 89(10), 2010
Explores challenges faced by Michigan parents involved in dependency cases and the need for effective legal representation for them.
Evaluation of the Impact of Enhanced Parental Legal Representation on the Timing of Permanency Outcomes for Children in Foster Care (PDF - 801 KB)
Courtney, Hook, & Orme (2011)
Discusses the development, goals, and key components of the Parents Representation Program, a collaborative effort of the Washington State Office of Public Defense and the Washington State Legislature.
Improving Parents' Representation in Dependency Cases: A Washington State Pilot Program Evaluation
Evaluation of a parents' representation pilot program in Washington State to address the need for improved legal representation for parents in dependency and termination cases.
North Carolina Juvenile Court: Child Protection Hearings: A Handbook for Parents, Guardians, Custodians and Children
North Carolina Administrative Office of the Courts & North Carolina Court Improvement Program (2002)
Handbook for parents in North Carolina that describes the court process for child abuse and neglect cases.
Parent Counsel: General Best Practice Tips (PDF - 19 KB)
Arkansas Judiciary (2010)
Describes best practice tips for parent counsel in a child welfare case.
Parent Counsel Termination Of Parental Rights Grounds Checklist (PDF - 19 KB)
Arkansas Judiciary (2010)
Describes best practice best practices for determining whether there should be a termination of parental rights (TPR) order implemented.
Report of Children's Justice Initiative Parent Legal Representation Workgroup to Minnesota Judicial Council (PDF - 197 KB)
Minnesota Judicial Branch (2008)
Discusses short- and long-term strategies to address the need for a parent to have legal representation throughout the course of their child welfare case.