Synthesis groups provided Institute participants an opportunity to share observations, reflections, and expertise about the human services workforce, with strong emphasis on the child welfare workforce. The synthesis group process was designed to stimulate different ways of thinking related to the child welfare workforce. In addition, the discussions were intended to assist participants in exploring critical workforce issues and developing creative strategies to the many opportunities and challenges in the field. Each synthesis group was led by a facilitator and had an assigned content expert, (typically a representative from a federally supported recruitment and retention project). The members of each group were assigned by interests expressed prior to the conference. The discussions revolved around ten topics that are outlined in Appendix C.