- » Child Sexual Abuse: Intervention and Treatment Issues
- » Child Sexual Abuse: Intervention and Treatment Issues: Glossary Of Terms
Glossary Of Terms
Analingus licking, kissing, sucking the anal opening.
Backlash literally a quick, sharp, recoil; but used figuratively to characterize an opposing reaction to a previous trend; the term used for the current high degree of skepticism found in some circles regarding the truth of allegations of sexual abuse.
Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome behavioral and emotional manifestations of victims' coping with sexual abuse (these include secrecy; helplessness; entrapment and accommodation; delayed, unconvincing disclosure; and retraction); first described by Roland Summit, M.D.
Cognitive Distortions thinking errors; term used to describe how some offenders rationalize their sexually abusive behavior.
Colposcope an instrument originally designed for examining the cervix and vagina, using a magnifying lens from 5X to 30X; now being used to examine the external genitalia and document evidence of sexual abuse, often having photographic capability.
Countertransference the conscious or unconscious reaction of the professional to the client. These reactions can interfere with the process of treatment or other intervention.
Cunnilingus licking, kissing, biting, or sucking the vagina; inserting tongue into the vaginal opening.
Damaged Goods Syndrome the negative sense of self and perception of their bodies experienced by victims of sexual abuse; term first used by Suzanne Sgroi, M.D.
Encopresis inability to control bowel movements.
Enuresis inability to control urination, especially during sleep.
Erythema redness and swelling of tissues.
Fellatio kissing, licking, biting, sucking the penis.
Forchette refers to the posterior forchette of the female genitalia, where the labia majora join.
Friability fragility of the hymen resulting in a small fissure or fissures, usually at the posterior forchette.
Frottage rubbing the genitals against a person's body or clothing.
Funneling anal opening has a hollow channel and is deep-set; this is a consequence of repeated anal penetration and is found in older children (and adults).
Hysteria a psychological disturbance, arising from trauma, that manifests itself in physical impairment, such as paralysis, blindness, deafness, or anesthesia.
Iatrogensis illness or pathology caused by the treatment or other intervention intended to ameliorate a preceding problem.
Labial Adhesion a fibrous band of tissue holding together the labia minora; these occur as a consequence of irritation.
Otoscope an instrument originally used to examine the ear, using magnification; now also being used in genital exams for sexual abuse.
Paraphilia aberrant or deviant sexual preference.
Pedophile an adult whose primary sexual interest is in children; some professionals make a differentiation between a pedophile, whose sexual partner of choice is a prepubertal child, and a hebephile, who is aroused by adolescents.
Perianal Venous Engorgement a congestion of the blood vessels around the anus.
Petechiae pinpoint bruises, caused by sucking or pressure.
Plethysmograph or Penile Plethysmograph a gauge that is attached to the penis and systematically records erectile response.
Psychopath an individual with no superego or conscience; because of this deficit, the person often engages in extensive antisocial behavior.
Reflex Anal Dilatation opening of the anus after stimulation.
Sexual Addict an individual, with particular or multiple sexual preferences, who is preoccupied with these desires and satisfying them, to the point that addressing them becomes consuming.
Sexually Abused Child Disorder behavioral and emotional indicators of sexual abuse; these vary depending upon the child's developmental stage and vary in their level of certainty as indicators of sexual abuse; described by David Corwin, M.D.
Synechiae an adhesion or joining together of parts of the body.
Vulvovaginitis inflammation of the vulva and vagina.
This material may be freely reproduced and distributed. However, when doing so, please credit Child Welfare Information Gateway.